The Old Homestead

- Vigne sources

- Bowers photos
- Bellas/Bellesfeld sources
de la Montagne
Dutch ancestors in New Netherland
- Hawk sources
- Nye - photos
- Piersol - Resources and information
- Price - photos
- Price - Germany data
van der Mark
Van Gorder
- Van Gorder sources

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Guillaume Vigne and his wife Adrienne Cuville were born in France and settled in the Dutch colony of New Netherland in the early 1600s.

Click here for other Dutch families that settled in the colony of New Netherland.

"New York Historical Manuscripts: Dutch; Vol. IV, Council Minutes 1638-1649," translated by Arnold J.F. Van Laer, 1974.
+ July 21, 1638: "Jan Damen, plaintiff, vs. Abraham Isaacksen Planc and Dirck Holgersen, Noorman, defendants. The plaintiff requests to be master of his house and that the defendants be ordered to acknowledge him as such and to stay away from the plaintiff’s house. The defendants are ordered to keep away from the plaintiff’s house and to leave him master in his own house.
"Dirck Holgersen, Noorman, plaintiff, vs. Jan Damen, defendant, for assault. Parties are ordered to submit testimony, the case being put over to the next court day." Page 18.
+ Aug. 5, 1638: "Cornelis Dircksen, plaintiff, vs. Adriaenne [Cuveliers], defendant. The defendant is ordered to satisfy the plaintiff’s [claim]." [Footnote: Manuscript destroyed. In the calendar entry the name is given as "Cuvelzeers," but this is probably a mistake. In Dutch records the name is frequently spelled "Cuvilje," which is probably a phonetic rendering of the French name "Cuvelier," of which "Cuveliers" is either a variant or the possessive form. It is also possible, however, that the Dutch form "Cuvilje" should be interpreted as "Cuville," it all depending on whether the final e was accented or not.] Page 18.
+ Oct. 3, 1641 – three suits in a row: "Jan Damen, plaintiff, vs. Lyntjen Adams, defendant, for slander of Ragel Viengne. Defendant answers that she has named no one, but that she heard from Tomas Coninck, the soldier, that there is a woman in or about the fort who pays money to boot. Case adjourned.
"Jan Damen, plaintiff, vs. Tomas Coninck, defendant, regarding his having made the above statement. Defendant answers that about three weeks ago, at the house of Uldrich, the soldier, he heard Sander Boyer say that there was a woman at the fort who gave money to boot. He having asked who it was, said Boyer said, ‘If you don’t know, it won’t hurt you.’
"Jan Damen, plaintiff, vs. Jan Platneus, alleging that he is a perjurer and incompetent to give any testimony, because he has committed adultery with Indian women, according to the affidavit." Page 124.

"New York Historical Manuscripts: Dutch; Register of the Provincial Secretary, Volume I, 1638-1642," translated and annotated by Arnold J.F. Van Laer, edited by Kenneth Scott and Kenn Stryker-Rodda, 1974.
+ April 19, 1638, lease from Director Kieft to Jan Damen of two parcels of land on Manhattan Island*: "This day, the date underwritten, before me, Cornelis van Tienhoven, secretary here in New Netherland on the part of the General Chartered West India Company, chamber of Amsterdam, appeared the honorable, wise and prudent Mr. Willem Kieft,* director general of New Netherland, of the first part, and Jan Damen of the second part, who mutually agreed and contracted about the lease of two parcels of land, to wit: The honorable director has leased, as he hereby does lease, to Jan Damen aforesaid, who also acknowledges that he has hired, two parcels of land, of which the larger has thus far been cultivated by the blacks and is situated on the east side of the road,* [being bounded] on the north by the said Jan Damen, on the south by the esplanade of the fort, and on the east by Philip de Truy*; and the smaller is situated to the north of the Company’s garden and to the south of said Jan Damen, extending from the road to the [3] river. Jan Damen shall cultivate, sow or plant the said land for six consecutive years and shall be bound to spread all his manure on the said land twice, all at his own expense. … With the express promise that after the expiration of the aforesaid six years the lessee, his children, or heirs, shall remain in possession of the aforesaid two parcels of land and be preferred to others, if the Company has no need of said land for its own use, on such conditions as shall then be imposed. … [4] Done at Fort Amsterdam in New Netherland, the 19th of April Ao. 1638." [Footnotes: "Another translation of this lease is printed in Doc. Rel. Col. Hist. N.Y., 14:6." Kieft – "Willem Kieft was appointed director general of New Netherland in September 1637 …" road – "Broadway, New York City." De Truy – "Philippe du Tieux, court messenger."] Pages 2-4.
+ May 7,1638: "Antenuptial settlement by Adrienne Cuville on her children by Guillaume Vigne, her first husband.
"We the undersigned, Willem Weyman, smith and Jan Tomasen Groen, as referees, do by this instrument attest and certify for the real truth that Dirck Volgersen Noorman and Ariaentje Cevelyn, his wife’s mother, came before us in order to enter into an agreement with her children whom she has borne by her lawful husband [Willem Vienje], settling on Maria Vienje and Christina [Vienje], both married persons, on each the sum of two hundred guilders as their portion of their father’s estate, and on Resel Vienje and [Jan] Vienje, both minor children, also as their portion of their father’s estate, on each the sum of three hundred guilders; with this provision that she and her future lawful husband, Jan Jansen Damen, shall out of the remainder of the property be bound to bring up the above named two children until they attain their majority, without using more than the interest, and be bound to clothe and rear the aforesaid children as children ought to be [clothed and reared], to keep them at school and to give them a good trade, as parents ought to do. Thus is done in New Netherland on the island of Manhattan and in Fort Amsterdam, the last of April 1632. In confirmation of which this was signed by Jacob Planck, the writer of this instrument; also with this sort of mark X, after which was written: This is the mark of Dirck Volckertsen Noorman; Jan Tomasen Groen, and This is the X mark of Willem Weyman.
"The preceding agreement is recorded here with a view that if lost an authentic copy may again be obtained here, [the record] having been found by me, Cornelis van Tienhoven, secretary, to agree with the original. Done this 7th of May 1638, at Fort Amsterdam in New Netherland." Brackets and varying spellings are in original. [Footnotes: Dirck Volgersen Noorman – His real name seems to have been Dirck Holgersen. He was the husband of Christina Vigne. See J.O. Evjen, "Scandinavian Immigrants in New York," pages 68-79; Arisentje Cevelyn – Elsewhere referred to as Adriane Cuville, or Cuvilier, from Valenciennes, France; Willem Vienje – Guillaume Vigne. Among his Dutch neighbors he was known as Gulyn, or Willem Vienjee, or Vinje; Resel Vienje – Rachel Vigne. She afterwards married Cornelis van Tienhoven; Jan Vienje – Jean Vigne. According to the Labadist missionaries, Danckers and Sluyter, he was born in New Netherland and in 1679 was about 65 years of age. Hence he is held to have been the first child of European parents born in New Netherland. See I.N. Phelps Stokes, "Iconography of Manhattan Island," 4:40; "signed by Jacob Planck – March 4, 1634, Jacob Albertsen Planck was engaged by Kiliaen van Rensselaer to serve for three years as schout of the colony of Rensselaerswyck. He was then at Amsterdam and sailed in the beginning of May for New Netherland. As it is not known that he had been in New Netherland before that date, the year 1632, given as the date of the document, is probably wrong and should be 1635 or later. At that time, however, Jean Vigne would, according to the Labadist missionaries, have been 21 or more years of age, which does not agree very well with the provision in the document as to his being made to attend school.] Page 12-13.
+ May 1, 1638: "Promisory note of Dirck Holgersen to Director Kieft.
"Before me, Cornelis van Tienhoven, secretary of New Netherland, appeared Dirck Holgersen, Noorman, to me well known, who freely and deliberately acknowledged that he was indebted to the Hon. Mr. Willem Kieft, director here in New Netherland for the General Chartered West India Company, in the sum of seven hundred and twenty guilders, payable in three installments; the first instalment of fl. 300 Dirck Holgersen shall be bound to pay on the fairday of Amsterdam 1638; the second instalment of fl. 300 in like manner on the fairday of Amsterdam 1639; and the third and last instalment of fl. 120 on the fairday of Amsterdam anno 1640. He hereby promises to pay the aforesaid money honestly and honorably into the hands of the Hon Mr. Kieft, or his successor, free of costs and charges, without any gainsay, submitting to that end his person and property, real and personal, present and future, without any exception, to the control of all courts, judges and justices under the jurisdiction of the Provincial Court of Halland, and to all other courts, judges and justices, without any exception. In testimony and token of the honest truth, I have subscribed this with my own hand. Thus done in For Amsterdam in New Netherland, this first of May Ao. 1638.
"This is the X mark of Dirck Holgertsen Noorman." [Footnote: "fairday of Amsterdam" – Sept. 22.] Pages 22-23.
+ July 22, 1638: " Declaration of Mauritz Jansen and Pieter de Mey regarding an attempt of Jan Damen to throw Dirck Holgersen’s wife out of doors.
"This day, the 22d of July 1638, before me, Cornelis van Tienhoven, secretary of New Netherland, appeared Mourits Jansen, assistant, aged 20 years, and Pieter de May, aged 24 years, and jointly declared by true Christian words in place and with promise of an oath, if necessary, that it is true and truthful that the wife of Dirck Holgersen, Noorman, being at the house of Jan Damen and said Jan Damen telling her that she must go out of the house, she refused and did not intend to leave the house, whereupon Jan Damen aforesaid pushed said Dirck Holgertsen’s wife out of the house, as she would not depart by fair words. Dirck Holgersen thereupon coming to defend his wife, Jan Damen, drawing a knife, made a cut at said Dirck Holgertsen, who took up a post and struck Jan Damen with it. This is all. They, the deponents, concluding herewith their declaration, etc. Maurits Jansen. Pieter de Mey." [Footnote: Wife of Dirck Holgersen – Christina Vigne. Jan Damen was her step-father.] Pages 38-39.
+ July 22, 1638: "Declaration of surgeon Gerrit Schutt and Jan Pietersen respecting the above assault..
" This day, the 22nd of July Ao. 1638, before me, Cornelis van Tienhoven, appeared Gerrit Schut and Jan Pietersen, alias Comrade Jan, at the request of Dirck Holgertsen, Noorman, and jointly declared by Christian words, in place and with promise of an oath if necessary, that it is true and truthful that they, the deponents, being some days ago at the house of Jan Damen, there saw and heard what follows.
"First, Jan Damen dunning Dirck Volgertsen for payment of fl. 20, Dirck answered that he did not owe him anything. Jan Damen thereupon replied: ‘Begone out of the house!’ and forthwith threw Christina, Dirck Holgersen’s wife, out of doors and struck her. Furthermore, drawing a knife, he cut and thrust at said Dirck Hollegersen’s wife, as appears from the skirt which she then had on.
"Further, Dirck Holgersen, seeking to defend his wife, threw a pewter can at Jan Damen, but missed him, whereupon Jan Damen made for him with a naked knife in his hand, cutting and thrusting at him and, as the said Dirck sought to defend his life, Dirck aforesaid took up a post to keep Jan Damen off. As Dirck Holgerts was going toward the fort or elsewhere, said Jan Damen again beat Dirck Volgersen’s wife with his fists and tore the cap off her head and challenged Dirck, saying: ‘If you have the courage, draw your knife’. But Dirck, being sober, would not do so and only defended himself with a post. The deponents declare all this to be true. Done at Fort Amsterdam, the day and year aforesaid. Gerrit Schutt. This is the X mark of Jan Pietersen, nicknamed Comrade Jan." Pages 39-40.
+ July 25, 1639, receipt of Cornelis van Tienhoven for his wife’s share of her father’s estate and release of all further claims against Jan Jansen Damen: "I, the undersigned, Cornelis van Tienhoven, at present secretary in New Netherland for the West India Company, do in my capacity as husband and guardian of Ragel Vienje, in the presence of the subscribing witnesses, acknowledge that I am fully satisfied and paid by Jan Jansen Damen the sum of once three hundred Carolus guilders to which the aforesaid Ragel Vienjee, the wife of me, the secretary, was entitled by way of inheritance from her father Gulyn Vienjee, according to the contract made between her mother Adriaenje Cuveljeers and Jan Damen, and I therefore in the capacity state above thank Jan Damen for the paternal care and treatment bestowed upon my said wife during her minority. As Jan Damen has requested me to give him a receipt for this payment to me on account of Ragel Vienje, I have executed this [receipt] and hereby release him, [200] Jan Damen, from all further claims and demands which I in the capacity aforesaid may in any way have on account of the proven estate of the late Gulyn Bienjee, my present wife’s deceased father, hereby promising to free the said Jan Damen from all further demands in the matter aforesaid, whether by myself, my wife or my heirs, and in token of the truth I have signed this together with the witnesses. Done in Fort Amsterdam, this 25th of July Ao. 1639. Cornelis van Tienhoven, Secretary, as principal herein Ulrich Lupoltt, witness Gysbert ope Dyck" Pages 199-200.

"New York Historical Manuscripts: Dutch; Volume II, Register of the Provincial Secretary, 1642-1647," translated and annotated by Arnold J.F. Van Laer, edited by Kenneth Scott and Kenn Stryker-Rodda, 1974.
+ April 11, 1643, declaration of Philip Gerardy respecting a wound he received at night from Jan Jansen Damen after conducting him home: "Philip Gerraerdy* from Paris, lying abed sick [and wounded], deposes at the [request] of the honorable fical, Van der Hoykens, that last Monday night, sometime between twelve and one o’clock, he went with Jan Damen to conduct him home. Having [112] come there (after Jan Damen’s servant man had threatened to shoot him with a pistol), Jan Damen told his servant to go to sleep, who said, I will not. Finally, the above mentioned Jan Damen and Dirck his servant, began to fight, the man having a knife and Jan Damen a scabbard. Said Jan Damen falling backward, he, the deponent, having his drawn sword in his hand for the purpose of separating them, kept the servant from Jan Damen, who got up and ran into the house. He immediately came again out of the house with a knife and as it was very dark, Jan Damen struck him, the deponent, under the shoulder-blade. The aforesaid Philip Gerardy also declares that he is not aware that he, the deponent, and Jan Damen ever in their lives had any personal grudge or quarrel and that this accident occurred suddenly and without intention on the part of Jan Damen. He, the deponent, also requests the fiscal not to molest Jan Damen on that account. Done the 11th of April Ao. 1643, in the presence of the undersigned witnesses. John Lightfoote This is the X mark of Touchyn Briel Acknowledged before me, Cornelis van Tienh., Secretary" [Footnote: "Philip Gerardy was the keeper of the White Horse tavern at New Amsterdam."] Pages 111-112.

"New York Historical Manuscripts: Dutch; Volume III, Register of the Provincial Secretary, 1648-1660," translated and annotated by Arnold J.F. Van Laer, edited by Kenneth Scott and Kenn Stryker-Rodda, 1974.
+ Oct. 2, 1648, contract of Jeuriaen Hendricksen to build a farmhouse for Jan Damen: "Jeurisen Hendr. Agrees to build for Jan Damen a house, 60 feet long and on each side a passageway throughout, the frame twenty-four feet wide; in front 11 feet high and in the rear 12 feet high, the read part being one foot above the ground and the front part two feet above the ground. The front room 24 feet square, with a cellar under it. To lay and tongue and groove the attic floor and to wainscot the front room all around; two bedsteads, one in the front room and one in the chamber, and a winding stair, [64] so that one can go from the cellar to the attic; the front gable perpendicular and the rear gable truncated.* In the front room a window casing with transom and mullion and also a mantelpiece. Jeuriaen Hendricksz must provide the roof with split rafters and nail on the laths, and on each beam [put] a loft bent.*
"Jan Damen is bound to furnish Jeuriaen Hendricksz and his men with food and drink until the work is completed. When the work is finished Jan Damen must pay Jeuriaen Hendricx the sum of four hundred and twenty-five guilders, once. Furthermore, Jeuriaen Hendricxsz is bound to construct everything in proper manner and to commence in eight weeks. This day, 2d of October 1648, in Fort Amsterdam, New Netherland. This is the X mark of Jeuriaen Hendricksz, made by himself Jan Jansz Damen This is the X mark of Dirck Volcksz, made by himself This is the X mark of Albert Jansz, made by himself." [Footnotes: "De voorgevel een staende gavel and de Achter een dwars gavel." "Op elcke balck een viler bint."] Pages 63-64.
+ June 21, 1651, authority to Jan Finje to superintend the harvesting of the crop on Jan Damen’s farm: "Copy The widow and the appointed curators of Jan Jansen Damen hereby authorize Jan Finje to command the servants of Jan Damen, deceased, and to direct all farming operations until the crop of this year 1651 is brought into the hay rick and barn, provided that everything be done in proper manner. In token of the truth, signed with their own hands, this 21st of June Ao. 1651, on the island of Manhatans in New Netherland. Signed: Thomas Hall, the mark of Egbert Woutersen and the mark of Cornelis [263] Gertsen. Beneath was written: In my presence, David Provoost. Also signed by the mark of Aryaentie Cuvelje, Carel van Brugge and Geo. Baxter, witnesses for Adriaentie Cuvelje. Acknowledged before me, Jacob Kip, clerk.
"After due collation, this is found to agree with its original, signed and dated as above, by me, Jacob Kip, clerk" Page 262-263.
+ June 21, 1651, appointment by Ariaentje Cuvelje of administrators of the estate of Jan Jansen Damen: "Copy This day, the XXI of June of this year 1651, we, the undersigned, come to the house of Aryaentie Cuvelje, widow of Jan Jansen Damen, deceased, who in our presence declared that she nominated on her behalf and appointed, as she does hereby appoint, Davidt Provoost, Jacobus van Corlaer and Borger Jorisen, all inhabitants here, as guardians and administrators to settle, distribute and for her to dispose of the entire estate to the best advantage of her and her children and heirs, as they shall find to be in all things conformable to law and equity. This doing, she promises to hold and cause to be held good, firm and valid whatever shall be transacted, done and performed in the premises by the said guardians and administrators. Thus done and executed the day and year aforesaid. In testimony whereof she has signed this in the presence of Carel van Brugger and G[e]orge Baxter, witnesses hereto invited, [264] on the island of Manhatans. Signed with the mark of Ariaentie Cuvelje and by Carel Brugge and Geo. Baxter. Acknowledged before me, Jacob Kip, clerk.
"After collation this is found to agree with the original as above written, by me, Jacob Kip, clerk." Pages 263-264.
+ July 6, 1651, inventory of the personal estate of Jan Jansen Damen: "Inventory of the personal estate left by Jan Jansen Damen, deceased on the 18th of June, as found by the honorable Mr. La Montagne and the respective curators, viz: Jacob van Curlaer and Tomas Hall, in the presence of the subscribing witnesses, this 6th of July 1651, as follows:
"In the large front room
"7 pictures on paper in wooden frames
"One common looking-glas
"2 snaphances
"1 firelock
"1 rapier
"1 large powder horn
"2 clothes brushes
"1 wooden pepperbox
"2 sieves
"1 pair of new shoes
"One wooden candle box One wooden inkstand
"2 brass wreathes (Copere Cransen)
"One traveling bag
"One folio Bible
"One chronicle
"One old quarto Bible
"One cellaret with 12 bottles, empty
"6 chair cussions of green cloth
"One single bed and bolster, old
"One doubt be3d and bolster
"4 pillows
"2 green blankets
"One white woolen blanket
"2 white linen sheets
"One bolster
"One brass warming pan
"One pewter chamberpot
[268] "One blue chest wherein:
"14 white linen sheets, good and bad
"16 pillow slips, mostly old
"3 table cloths
"10 napkins
"7 towels
"About 2 ells of new linen
"8 shirts, good and bad
"1 pair of linen* underdrawers
"3 cravats
"6 men’s night caps of printed calico, mostly old
"1 pr. colored and 1 pr. white knit stockings
"1 linen band
"3 black handled knives
"1 remnant of colored bombazine
"1 remnant of white stuff
"2 remnants of strips of canvas
"3/4 ell of bedticking
"3 doz. pewter and 3 doz. brass buttons
"6 pocket handkerchiefs, of which one is new and 1 colored
"fl. 9" 2 in doits and farthings
"3 pieces of eight
"25½ stivers in specie
"One little sack with two Indian bags containing fl. 275 in wampum as mentioned below
"One hat box containing 2 black hats, one of which belongs to Pieter Stoutenborgh
"On the bed: one canvas coverlet
"One colored bombazine coverlet
"One red cloth waistcoat
[269] "One sealed chest containing:
"5 linen bands
"3 cravats
"22½ ells of black taffeta
"About one pound of blue Spanish silk
"About one pound of red ditto
"One pound of flesh colored ditto
"One colored cloth coat, new
"One old cotton quilt
"fl. 156" 12 in single shillings @ 6 stivers
"fl. 5"10 in specie
"Five pieces of eight
"One ducatoon
"Six rixdollars
"19½ shillings in silver coin
"37 quarter pieces of eight
"Two half rixdollars
"fl. 5 in specie
"fl. 275 in wampum @ 6 for one stiver, where of fl. 66 were left in the hands of Jan
Vinje for the harvest
{Here end the items in the sealed chest, according to handwritten note in margin. BB}
"One silver wine cup
"2 silver plated spoons
"½ beaver
"In a chest, being sealed
"Some letters and papers
"One shirt
"13 pairs of Faroe stockings
"2 pieces of linen
"1 piece of fine linen
"1 piece of canvas
"1 new crimson waistcoat
"1 suit of colored bombazine clothes
"1 suit of colored cloth with a narrow braid
"1 suit of black cloth
"1 remnant of cloth
"4 blue and 1 striped pocket handkerchiefs
"1 pair of colored say stockings
"1 pillow slip
"1 red night cap
"15 black handled knives
"1 silver plated goblet
"6silver plated spoons
"One colored cloth coat, nearly new
"One pair of linen breeches
[270] "3 linen bands
"2 bullet and one shot mold
"1 gimlet
"1 dozen auger bits
"1 pound of yarn
"4 pieces of lace
"1 cotton cravat
"2 printed men’s caps
"3 brass snuffers
"1 tin grater
"1 iron hammer
"As much black silk and green lining as are needed for a gown
"Black wollen stuff for a short cloak, with the necessary black lining and silk braid and back satin
---- {Line appears here in text. BB}
"One colored cloth dress, half worn
"One wooden bench
"One pewter flask
"One cot
"In a chest, being sealed
"20 shirts
"One piece and one remnant of linen
"2 pairs of Spanish leather men’s shoes
"2 pairs of Spanish leather women’s shoes
"2 pairs of dried leather men’s shoes
"One tick for a bed
"2 brass cocks
"One dozen pewter spoons
"2 reels of spun cotton
"2 pewter cups
"1 pair of men’s slippers
"2 whetstones for the mowers
"2 scissors for linen
"12 doz. yarn laces
"2 new augers
"One small table with a cover on it
"One churn with its outfit
[271] "One firmer chisel
"One gouge
"One mortise chisel
"In the entrance hall
"One pewter vaen * measure
"One pewter half-pint measure
"One pewter flagon with a lid
"One tin lantern
"One iron pot
"One small looking-glass
"One pewter basin
"2 pewter pint measures
"6 copper kettles, large and small
"1 large and 1 small brass pan
"1 earthen jug
"1 sieve
"4 water pails
"One salt cellar
"One pewter funnel without pip
"One pothanger
"One pothook
"2 andirons
"One old sugar box
"5 wooden dinner plates
"3 brass candlesticks
"9 pewter porringers
"1 skimmer
"1 pewter jug holding two vaens
"1 pewter half flagon with a lid
"1 pewter mug
"1 salt cellar
"1 new pewter funnel
"15 pewter plates
"1 small pewter bowl
"1 large pewter bowl
"1 earthen bowl
"9 pewter dishes
"2 small spoon bits
"Two green curtains with an old rug for a bedstead
"One brass candlestick with a handle
"9 earthen dishes
"2 copper potlids
"1 iron candlestick
"2 sconces
[274] "1 ash shovel
"1 pair of tongs
"22 pewter spoons
"1 gun at Dirck Noorman’s to have a stock made
"1 small table cover
"1 pothook
"One chest in the entrance hall containing:
"6 whole and one 3/4 winter beaver skins
"One remnant of new linen, 11 ells long
"One ditto, 19 ells long
"One ditto, long 16 ells, scant
"One ditto narrow linen-13 ells, scant
"One remnant of linen-5 ells
"One pair of white leather shoes
"In the pantry
"4 wooden butter molds
"2 wooden pint measures for milk
"2 copper griddles for pancakes
"1 ditto stewpan
"One iron mortar
"One bellows
"2 pewter platters
"2 earthen dishes
"One small syringe
"One pair of scales with 4 lb, 10 lb and 1 pound weights
"One cutting blade
"One saw
"One gridiron
"In the cellar under the house
"2 beer beer barrels
"8 beer half-barrels
"1 box of candles
"3 butter tubs
"1 barrel of black beer
"2 meat tubs
"2 other tubs
"3 brass cocks
"1 tap auger
"1 earthen pot
"1 small earthen pot
[273] "The 7th of July 1651.l Present the Hon. Mr. La Montagne, Jacob van Corlaer, Cornelis Aertsen and Jan Cornelissen Buys*
"In the rear part of the house or the barn
"2 half sacks of hops as they have just come from Holland
"1 beer half-barrel
"3 old chairs
"3 empty boxes
"1 keg full of nails
"1 old grain sieve
"1 iron spade
"2 whips
"2 scythe snaths
"1 cutting box and one blade
"2 pitch forks
"1 meat fork
"1 beer pole and sling
"2 new plow shares with hasp
"One dung fork and one dung hook
"One wooden rake
"One axe
"2 iron wedges
"22 vims* of barley> together in
"12½ vims ditto> the rick
"1 flail
"1 bed with a pillow
"Iron hoops for a pail
"One cross cut saw
"3 Flemish scythes
"2 scythe handles
"2 reaping hooks
"One the loft
"138 schepels of barley malt*
"64 schepels of barley malt
"40 schepels of wheat
"17 schepels rye
"5 schepels of oats
"10 new Flemish scythes
"12 old Flemish scythes
"3 new scythe blades
"3 grain cutters
"3 sickles
"1 new hatchet
"1 new adze
"1 old scythe blade
"1 bundle of straps and hinges for the flails
"9 scrubbing brushes
"8 round brushes
"1 new winnowing basket
"2 barrels with a little wheat and corn feed for poultry
"1 old winnowing basket
"1 iron bound churn full of hops
"1 barrel half full of corn
"1 meat tub
"1 beam and scales
"1 iron maul
"1 small tub with old iron
"22½ ells of haircloth
"One cask with two iron hoops
"2 bags of hops, about 40 lb in all
"1 empty cask
"About 40 ells more of haircloth
"½ doz. whetstones
"2 grain sieve skins
"One rapier blade on a stick
"4 bags of flour for bread
"One schepel measure
"2 grain scoops
"5 hames, new
"Some iron hoops and rubbish
"One dry cask
"One cask with iron hoops containing 2 schepels of rye
"One ditto containing 3 schepels of peas
"One winnowing basket
"12 Flemish scythe handles
"2 iron shod wooden shovels
"1½ doz. flail caps
"2 baskets, wherein, new
"1 piece of hay wagon rope
"6 hames
"1 piece of wagon line
"2 pieces of cow line
"4 bundles of traces
"6 bundles of thin plow line
"½ bundle of traces
"1 bundle of wagon line
"2 bundles of halter rope
"2 skeins of three-ply twine
"1 skein of mending thread
"1 haywagon rope
[275] "Stock
"One gelding, 7 years old
"One mare, 4 years old
"One 12 year old mare with a young filly
"1 yearling mare
"6 milch cows
"4 heifers, 3 of which are 2 years and 1 one year old
"1 two year old bull
"1 three year old ox
"3 bull calves> of this year
"1 heifer calf>
"2 barrow pigs, 1½ years old
"2 sows, ditto
"1 barrow and 1 boar, ½ year old
"7 pigs, two months old, of which 3 are females and 4 males
"One wagon and its appurtenances, nearly worn out
"Two plows, complete
"One harrow with iron teeth
"Two harrows with wooden teeth
"One wheelbarrow
"One scoop
"One dry cask
"One iron pump rod
"One beer sleigh
"One full beer barrel
"One iron bound bucket near the well before the house
"2 old ladders
"One wood sleigh
"One grindstone and its belongings
"One yoke
"In the brewery
"One kettle of about 5 tuns capacity
"One cooling vat
"One receiving vat
"One wort tub
"4 half barrels
"6 half barrels partly filled with beer
"2 beer stillings
"7 shallow tubs under the beer [taps]
"One malt [box]
"One funnel
"3 vessels under the taps of the vats
"2 old hop baskets
"One [strainer?] with an old haircloth on it
[276] "One wooden rake to stir the grain
"One malting floor
"One pair of iron tongs
"One horse shoe to brand the casks
"One ditto for marking
"6 brew sacks
"One new vat for draff
"La Montagne Jacobus van Curler This is the mark of Cornelis Aertsen, made by himself This is the mark of Jan Cornelisen Buys, made by himself This is the mark of Hendrick Jansen, farm hand, made by himself Before me, Jacob Kip, appointed clerk" [Footnotes: 268 – "Gaensoogse; literally, goose-eyed, i.e. linen with small round figures resembling goose eyes." Page 270 – "Raw hide?" 271 – "One vaen equals about five quarts." 273 – Buys – "The name of Jan Cornelissen Buys is crossed out." Vims – "One vim = 104 sheaves." Barley malt – "A record of the number of schepels of barley, wheat, rye and oats in the form of a tally sheet is omitted here."] Pages 267-276.
+ Sept. 13, 1651, deed from the executors of the will of Jan Jansen Damen to Jan Vigne of a lot on Manhattan Island: "Copy We, the undersigned, pursuant to the desire of Jan Janssen Damen, deceased, have given in free ownership, as we hereby do give in the presence of the hereinafter mentioned witnesses, to Jan Vinjie a lot situated on the east side of the wide road,* [306] on the north said of Hendrick Pietersen from Hasselt, in width on the road six rods and in the rear the same; in length eleven rods and nine feet; on condition that if the heirs of Jan Damen residing in Holland be not satisfied, then Jan Finje shall pay them for their share one hundred Carolus guilders in current money here in New Netherland. What is hereinbefore written we on both sides hold firm, binding and irrevocable and in confirmation thereof we have signed this with our own hands this 13th of September anno 1651, in New Amsterdam in New Netherland. Was signed: This is the X mark of Adriana Cuvelje, made by herself; Tomas Hall; this is the X mark of Egbert Woutersen, made by himself. Below was written: in my presence, Davidt Provoost." [Footnote: "Breede wegh; Broadway."] Pages 305-305.

"The Records of New Amsterdam from 1653 to 1674 anno Domini," edited by Berthold Fernow, published under authority of the City of New York.
+ Aug. 25, 1653: "Curators of the estate of Jan Damen, deceased, pltfs. v/s Aryaentie Cuvelje, deft. Both in default." Vol. 1, page 107.
+ May 3, 1657 – "Pursuant to your order to make known the damage suffered by individuals from the survey of this City, the heirs of decd Aryaendie Cuvilje claim, for breaking fences and injury to grain etc. in consequence of running the Walls of this City through their land, to have been damaged as much, as arbitrators shall in fairness estimate. Was undersigned Abraham Verplank, J. Vinge, the mark of D. Folckertsen. Apostile: - Burgomasters intention is, that the damage from the last survey be brought in and not from that previous and consequently the petitioners’ request cannot be granted. Yet it will be attended to. Done May 3d 1657. At Amsterdam in N. Netherland." Vol. 7, Administrative Minutes of New Amsterdam, pages 158-159.
+ March 4, 1658 – "Claas van Elslant the Elder, pltf. v/s Maria Verplanck and Dirck Volckersen, defts. Defts in default. Pltf. demands, that an order be issued in the name of the Court to summon the defts. for the next Court on pain of being deprived of their privilege." Vol. 2, page 345.
+ March 8, 1658: "Claas van Elslandt, the Elder, v/s Maria Verplank and Dirck Volckersen,* by order of the Schout, Burgomasters and Schepens, defts, Pltf. says, the defts. refuse to pay the Church money for a grave for their, the defts. decd mother. Defts. say, they have not refused as they have once paid, and counted the money to Cornelis van Tienhoven. Pltf. is asked, why he was so slow in collecting the Church fees? Answers and declares, that Cornelis van Tienhoven said, there are your fees, I shall make it right with the Church Wardens. Defts. say, they paid 50 gl. – 30 gl. In Holland Currency and the remainder in zeawant. The Court condemned the heirs in general to satisfy the Church Wardens within the space of eight days." [Footnote in source: * Maria Vinje, wife of Abraham Verplanck, was a daughter of Ariantje Cuville, widow of Gulyn Vinje, who took as second husband Jan Jansen Damen an died in 1655. Dirck Volkersen married Christina Vinje, and Cornelis van Tienhoven the third sister Rachel. Jan Vinje, ex-Schepen at this time, was their brother. He died in 1691.] Vol. 2, page 349-350.
+ July 25, 1658: "The Secretary, Joannes Nevius, exhibits in Court a donation of a lot to Jan Vigne from Ariaantje Ceueliers, his decd. Mother, presented by order of the guardians; asking if by virtue thereof he might execute a deed for a certain lot sold by said Jan Vigne from the lot aforesaid to Gerrit Jansen Boos. Whereupon he was answered, that Jan Vigne may make a conveyance, wherever the guardians have copies on the back of the ground brief the whole lot given him." [Footnote: "The lot, sold by Vigne to Ross was conveyed to the latter Novbr. 25, 1658. It was on the East side of Broadway, North of Wall Str., having 2 rods 3 feet front and rare and depth of 11 rods 6 feet. It originally formed part of the Damen estate. – Vla. Man, 1861, 601. B.F." Note that the name is spelled Boos in the record and Roos in the footnote.] Vol. 7, Administrative Minutes of New Amsterdam, page 191.
+ Aug. 19, 1659: "Raghiel van Tienhoven appears in Court, requests by petition that Abraham Verplanck and Augustyn Heermans shall be directored by the Court first to exchange the inventory and next the papers which will be produced by parties on both sides, in order that, such being done, parties may deliver into the Court their respective documents by due inventory on the next Court day, under such penalty as to the Court may seem meet. On the written petition of Raghiel van Tienhoven, Abraham Verplanck, Augustyn Heermans and parties are ordered to exchange on both sides their papers used in the suit and to produce their deduction vouches, documents and intendit on the next Court day." Vol. 3, page 27.
+ Sept. 23, 1659: "Raghel van Tienhoven requests by petition, that Abraham Verplank and Augustyn Heermans her adversaries shall be ordered to furnish her, the petitioner, authentic copy of the compromise made by Dirck van Schelluyne regarding the settlement of dispute between her husband and the heirs of Adriana Cuvilje, decd. Whereupon it is ordered: - Petition is granted and adverse parties shall be ordered to communicate to petitioner authentic copy of compromise.
"On the written petition of Raghel van Tienhoven, Abr: Verplanck and Augustyn Heermans are hereby ordered by the Court to communicate to Raghel van Tienhoven authentic copy of the compromise, made by the Notary Dirck van Schelluyne in the dispute between Cornelis van Tienhoven and Abraham Verplanck, Dirck Volckersen and Jan Vigne all heirs of decd. Adrianna Cuvilje, relative to the award of Adriaen van der Donck, Joannes van Brugh, and Joannes de Decker all arbitrators in the abovenamed question. – Actum." Vol. 3, page 56.
+ Jan. 23, 1660: "Burgomasters and Schepens of the City of Amsterdam in N. Netherland having considered and read the papers, documents and vouchers produced on both sides in the suit between Raghel van Tienhoven, pltf., against Abraham Verplanck, Jan Vigne and Augustyn Heermans, defts. for satisfaction and payment of two thousand and forty one guilders forty stivers, which the pltf. demands from defts. according to a/c and obligation signed in the presence of arbitrators; against which defts. say, that errors have been found in the papers and writings exhibited to the arbitrators and request review of a/cs. Burgomasters and Schepens having examined and weighed, what is material, find that parties fully settled and balanced in the presence of Mr. DeDecker, Adriaen van der Donck, Mr. Joannes van Brugh and Dirck van Schelluyne as arbitrators, the heirs of Adriane Cuvilje remained indebted to Cornelis van Tienhoven in the sum of three thousand five hundred and eighty six guilders, nineteen stivers being signed Ao 1655 the 2nd June; therefrom must be deducted fifteen hundred and forty five guilders five stivers, which Cornelis van Tienhoven was yet indebted to the estate of Adriane Cuvilje decd, so that there yet remains the demanded fl. 2041: 14 according to the obligation of 2nd October 1656, and whereas Tienhoven cannot defend, in consequence of absence, this settlement nor render other a/cs; and parties have settled a/cs in presence of arbitrators, and the same has been twice signed by the heirs, to wit on the 2nd June 1655 and on the 2nd Octob. 1656, from which it appears, that they had a year and a day’s time and if they had to offer any thing or required review of a/cs, they could do so before the signing of the last obligation and before the departure of Cornelis van Tienhoven; Therefore no review of a/cs can be granted to the defts., but they are condemned to pay the pltf. the full demanded sum of fl. 2041: 14 according to the obligation, with costs of this suit. Thus done and adjudged in the Court of the Burgomasters and Schepens of said City. Ady as above. Marten Kregier." Vol. 3, pages 112-113.

"New Netherland Connections," Vol. 3, No. 1, January 1998, pages 2-3.
From "The Pedigree of Cornelia Roos, an Ancestor of Franklin D. Roosevelt," By Dorothy A. Koenig and Pim Nieuwenhuis (Continued from Vol. 2, No. 4)
"Ghislain Vigne and Adrienne Cuvellier.
"We have the Labadist missionary, Jasper Danckaerts, to thank for noting the European origin of the Vigne family. By his own admission Jasper spent a disagreeable Sunday afternoon in September 1679 in a tavern sanctimoniously described by him as a low pot-house, run by Adriaen Corneliszen and his wife, Rebecca Idens. In his diary the missionary recorded that while in their company we conversed with the first male born of Europeans in New Netherland, named Jan Vigne. His parents were from Valenciennes … In the late 16th century Valenciennes was part of the medieval County of Hainault; in 1678 Valenciennes became part of France.
"In Leyden we found in the records of the Wallon Church that Ghileyn Vignier and his wife were received in October 1618 as members of that church ‘by confession’. They must have lost their documents that proved they were already members of a church in another place, and we have lost the opportunity to learn where they were before they came to Leyden.
"In the Register of Baptisms in the Walloon Church in Leyden there are the following entries:
"2 September 1618 Rachel, daughter of Ghilain Vignier and his wife. Witnesses: Antoine Hardewin and his wife; Ghilain Hardewin and Gertrude Quinze.
"26 September 1619 Abraham and Sara, children of Gileyn Vinoist and Adrienne Cuvelier. Witnesses: None is mentioned.
"26 December 1621 Abraham, son of Guillain Vivier and Adrienne Cuvelier. Witnesses: Charle Bailieu and Jean Collas and the wife of Jean Adam.
"19 March 1623 Rachel, daughter of Gullain Vigne. Witnesses: Henri Lambert, Pierre de Fache and Merguerite Vigne.
"Maria Vigne’s father – Guillain or Ghislain – was named for the Frankish saint, Gislanus, who is about the year 680 A.D. founded a monastery in Hainault six miles west of Mons, where the town of [3] Saint-Ghislain, Belgium, is today. Saint Ghislain is about 15 miles northwest of Valenciennes. Saint Gislanus is the patron saint of Valenciennes; his feast is celebrated on October 9th.
"Only four adult children of Ghislain Vigne and Adrienne Cuvellier are mentioned in New Netherland records. Maria (our number 9) and Christina (who married Dirck Volkertszen about 1630) must have been born before their parents settled in Leyden about 1618. Rachel, baptized in Leyden in 1623, married Cornelis Van Tienhoven about 1644 in New Amsterdam. Jean/Jan must have been born in 1624 in New Netherland. None of his contemporaries ever disputed his claim to be first male born there of European parents.
"Ghislain Vigne died when Rachel and Jan were still minors. Thereafter his widow, Adrienne Cuvellier – as Adriaentje Cuvilje – married Jan Jansen Damen. (See William J. Parry’s discussion in ‘New Netherland Connections,’ 1:4 [1996] at pages 95-97.)
[Footnotes: Quote from Danckaerts – "Journal of Jasper Danckaerts 1679-1680," edited by Bartlett Burleigh James and J. Franklin Jameson. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1913. Paage 47. Received into confession in Leyden – "Again at Easter in 1622 a Guilleine Vignier is received by confession as a member of the Leyden Walloon Church. It is possible that our man left Leyden for a short period." St. Gislanus – "Butler’s Lives of the Saints," edited by Herbert Thurston, S.J., and Donald Atwater. New York: P.J. Kennedy & Sons, 1956. Vol. IV, page 71.]

"New Amsterdam and Its People," by J.H. Innes, New York, 1902.
+ From a survey of properties in New Amsterdam, covering the plot that encompassed Nos. 225-231 Pearl Street in 1902: "This plot of ground becomes of interest as having been for many years the residence and the seat of the brewing operations of Jan Vinje, as he was called among his Dutch neighbors (or Jean Vigne, as his parents would probably have called him), a leading citizen of New Amsterdam, and a man who, as there is every reason to believer, enjoys the distinction of having been the first child of European parentage born in New Amsterdam or in New Netherland.
"Our information upon this point is derived from the Journal of the Labadist missionaries, Danker and Sluyter, who visited New York in 1679. While in the town they lodged with one Jacob Hellekers, the site of whose house is now occupied by the building No. 255 Pearl Street, near Fulton Street. They were therefore near neighbors to Jan Vinje, with whom they soon became acquainted. He was then, they tell us, about sixty-five years of age, a prominent man, well known to all the citizens, many of whom had themselves resided in the town and had been intimately acquainted with him or from thirty to forty years. It was the common understanding that he was the first person born in the colony, and the date of his birth would therefore go back to the year 1614. His parents, so the Labadists inform us, were Guillaume Vigne, and his wife, Adrienne Cuville, from Valenciennces in France. How they came to be in New Amsterdam in the early days of the trading-post we do not know, but there is certainly nothing improbable in the assertion that a trader or an officer of the post should have had his family with him at New Amsterdam. In the mouths of their Dutch neighbors, the husband became known as Willem Vinje, and his wife as Adriana Cuvilje. There is reason to believe that Wllem Vinje was the first tenant of the farm laid out north of the present Wall Street by the West India Company, and that he died there. In 1632 his widow married Jan Jansen Damen, with whom the farm is more generally associated. At the date last named, as we are informed by an instrument in the Albany records, of the four children of Willem Vinje and his wife, two were married, Maria (to Abraham Verplanck), and Christina (to Dirck Volckertsen), while two, Rachel and Jan, were ‘minors’: as both of the latter, however, were married within the next six years (Rachel to the Secretary Van Tienhoven), they must have been in the latter years of their minority in 1632, and the age of Jan Vinje, according to the Labadists, which would have been seventeen or eighteen at the time, is thus confirmed." [Footnote: Labadist missionaries – "See their Journal (which we owe to the labors of Hon. Henry C. Murphy), in Vol. 1 of the Memoirs of the Long Island Historical Society."] Pages 306-307.
+ From a survey of properties in New Amsterdam, concerning a house built by Secretary Van Tienhoven in 1647: "Either in this house, or in the farmhouse on the hill, the Secretary and his family may have dwelt during the next five or six years, and in the immediate vicinity he seems to have taken some interest in establishing several of his relatives by marriage, for in the year 1649 he sold, to two of his brothers-in-law, Abraham Verplanck and Dirck Volckertsen, small plots of ground upon the Shore Road in the northeastern corner of his farm near the intersection of the present Pearl and Fulton streets, where, with one or two other persons, they built a small cluster of houses, of which some notice will be taken hereafter." Page 315.
+ "In the summer of 1649, the Secretary [Cornelis van Tienhoven] had sold three plots of ground upon the river road, and near the intersection of the modern Pearl and Fulton streets, to two of his brothers-in-law, Abraham Verplanck and Dirck Volckertsen, and to one Lambert Huybertsen. These plots contained nearly half an acre each, and extended back from the river road ot the high ground in their rear. Volckertsen soon subdivided his parcel, and sold to persons who built upon their plots, so that the previously isolated state of the Secretary’s farmhouse was somewhat relieved." Page 319.
+ From a survey of properties in New Amsterdam, concerning land belonging to Dirck Volckertsen: [page 322] "Dirck at this time was living apparently in the house afterwards known as Sergeant Litscho’s tavern, upon the road along the East River, with which he owned a small plot of land. He married, before 1632, Christina, daughter of Guillaume Vigne, or Willem Vinje, and step-daughter of Jan Damen, but he does not appear to have been on the best of terms with his wife’s family, and especially with his step-father, Jan Damen. In 1645 he disposed of his place along the river road; but four years later, having obtained a grant of land from his brother-in-law, Secretary Van Tienhoven, at the place in the Smits Vly at which we have now arrived, [323] he built a house which must have stood upon the whole or a part of the site of the modern building, No. 259 Pearl Street.
[324] "The remaining house in Secretary Van Tienhoven’s hamlet near ‘The Ferry’ was, in 1655, that of his brother-in-law, Abraham Isaacsen Verplanck. This stood in a large garden, of about ninety feet front by two hundred feet in depth, and its site is believed to be covered by the modern Fulton Street. Verplanck was one of the earliest colonists, and before 1632 had married Maria, the eldest daughter of Willem Vinje, and sister of Rachel, the Secretary’s wife, and of Christina, the wife of Dirck Volckertsen. … There is evidence that he was not a popular man in the community, for in 1642 he incurred the wrath of the Director and Council by defiantly tearing down one of the placards of ordinances posted by them. For this offence, enhanced by remarks considered ‘slanderous’ by the authorities, the rather severe fine of 300 guilders, or about $120, was imposed on him. On the other hand, his conduct in the follow year in signing, with his wife’s step-father, Jan Damen, and with Maryn Adriaensen, the petition for leave to attack the Wechquaskeek Indians brought him into great odium among the colonists, who considered [325] him as one of those who were directly responsible for the devastations committed by the natives in retaliation for the massacre by the Dutch."
+ "It was not all cakes and beer at the sign of the White Horse, however. In 1644 part of a shipment of wine, the whereabouts of which became a subject of investigation by the authorities, was shown to have found its way to Philip Geraerdy’s cellar; and here, too, men of more consideration than the general run of his customers occasionally resorted, such, for instance, as Jan Damen, the thrifty farmer just out of town, whose well-managed farm lay in part between the present Maiden Lane and Wall Street. Philip duly appreciated such clients, and when Jan Damen became unsteady upon his legs, would obligingly see him home when the road was dark. He did this upon one occasion, to his great inconvenience, as he tells. It was a very dark night in the spring of 1643, when they reached Jan Damen’s farmhouse, not far from the [11] present Pine Street. That individual seems to have been in a rather quarrelsome mood, for Geraerdy had taken the precaution to draw his guest’s sword from its scabbard and to carry it himself. At the house they found Jan Damen’s serving-man in a very unamiable temper at being waked between twelve and one o’clock, and he threatened to shoot his employer. ‘Finally,’ says Philip, ‘the above Damen and his servant Dirck began to fight, the man having a knife, and Jan Damen a scabbard, over which Jan Damen fell backwards, deponent having his drawn sword in his hand for the purpose of separating them. Jan Damen stood up and jumped into the house; he returned immediately with a knife, and as it was very dark, Jan Damen struck the deponent under the shoulder-blade,’ etc. – the surgeon declared it to be a pretty dangerous wound." Pages 10-11.
+ "The occasion was a momentous one: the citizens met and appointed a committee of twelve, composed of some of the most energetic individuals among them, this committee forming the somewhat celebrated body known as "the Twelve Men;" at their head was Cornelis Melyn. Most of the members of this body were men who had much at stake in the event of hostilities with the natives. They appear to have understood Kieft’s design from the first, but their position was a difficult one: if they should, advise the Director and Council against: attempting to enforce by violence their claims against the Indians, they knew that they would be charged at once with pusillanimity, lack of patriotism, and disaffection to the government by the Director and his Council, following the usual custom of those in authority when their line of governmental action, (no matter how unjust, impracticable, or dangerous it may be), is opposed or criticized by the subject: furthermore, it might have a bad effect upon the natives to place themselves formally upon record as being opposed to the employment of force.
Accordingly, with all these things in view, they drew up, in the fall of the same year, 1641, an answer to the Director’s ques- [101] tions, in which answer considerable astuteness was displayed. In this document the Committee, while assenting to the use of force if necessary against the Indians, recommend many safeguards in the way of peaceable demands, mild demeanor towards the natives, etc., and finally an expedition against them (probably for the purpose of securing hostages), when the Indian warriors should be absent on their limiting expeditions. The sting to the Director-General, however, lay in the following clause: "That as the people recognize no other head than the Director-General, therefore they prefer that he should lead the van, while they, on their part, offer their persons to follow his steps and to obey his commands."
The Director-General had been outwitted: the answer of "the Twelve Men" was coldly received by him, and no measures of importance were taken for a considerable period against the Indians. Melyn and his committee, however, proceeded further, and therein seems to be their great mistake. In their appointment by the people, though it had really been made only for a special and limited purpose, they thought they saw an opportunity for establishing a popular voice in the affairs of the colony, which had hitherto been entirely lacking. Accordingly, on the 21st of January, 1642, "the Twelve Men" sent in a petition to the Director-General, designating themselves as "Selectmen on behalf of the Commonalty of New Netherland," — and praying for a redress of certain grievances; they requested that "the Council shall from this time be rendered complete in members, especially as the council of a small village in Fatherland consists of five and seven schepens; that, from now henceforth, the Director and Council do not try any criminals, unless five Councillors be present, inasmuch as the Commonality talk considerably about it;" they further request that representation should be had in the meetings of the Council, "so that taxes may not be imposed on the country in the absence of the Twelve."
Kieft was furious; the body which be had created to further his own crooked designs had not only thwarted him [102] in them, but now was insolently attempting to interfere in his favorite method of government, which was the absolute control of affairs by himself, with two or three dependent and obsequious councilors to use as "buffers," to protect himself from injury; a few days after the receipt of this petition, he made a brusque order, forbidding "the Twelve Men" from holding any further meetings.* [Footnote: "February 8th, 1642. – Whereas the Commonalty, at our request, appointed The Twelve to communicate their good counsel and advise on the subject of the murder of Switz, and this being now completed we do hereby thank them for the trouble they have taken, and shall, with God’s help, make use of their rendered written advice in its own time. … The said twelve men shall now henceforth hold no further meeting, as the same tends to a dangerous consequence and to the great injury, both of the country and our authority. We do therefore hereby forbid them calling any manner of assemblage or meeting, except by our express order, on pain of being punished as disobedient subjects."]
Matters ran along in this way until the following winter, when the Weckquaskeek Indians, fleeing before the raid of the Mohawks from the north, sought refuge in the vicinity of New Amsterdam, as has been already noticed. Kieft was now in high spirits: his long-sought opportunity for exterminating the Indians was at hand; he seems to have persuaded himself that Providence had been playing directly into his hands, but still he did not wish to rely entirely upon Providence; he must have some means of implicating the people at large in the business; but this was not an easy matter, since he had forbidden the committee which they had appointed from holding any meetings, and he knew very well that if be should call them together again, they would in all probability disapprove of a general massacre of the Indians. He concluded, under these circumstances, to adapt what was perhaps one of the most impudent tricks ever devised by men in authority to try to give an appearance of justification to their own unwarrantable acts. There was much public gossip respecting a certain Shrovetide dinner, about this time (February, 1643), at the farmhouse, on Broadway near the present Pine Street, of Jan Damen, — one of the Committee [103] of Twelve, — at which were present, with Kieft, Cornelis van Tienhoven, the secretary, and Abraham Verplanck (two of the sons-in-law of Damen), and Maryn Adriaensen, a sort of dependant and debtor of the latter; at this dinner the Shrove pancakes were, it was said, washed down with mysterious toasts to the success of some great enterprise which was on foot.
However this may be, the petition was entered upon the minutes of the Council in the following remarkable terms:
To the Honorable Willem Kieft, Director-General of New Netherland, and his Hononble Council: —
The whole of the freemen respectfully represent that though heretofore much innocent blood was spilled by the savages without having had any reason or cause therefor, yet your Honors made peace on condition that the chiefs should deliver the murderer into our hands (either dead or alive), wherein they have failed up to the present time: the reputation which our nation hath in other countries has thus been diminished even notwithstanding innocent blood calleth aloud to God for revenge; we therefore request your Honors to he pleased to authorize us to attack the Indians as enemies, whilst God hath delivered them into our hands: for which purpose we offer our persons. This can be effected, at one place by the freemen, and at the other by the soldiers.
Your Honor’s Subjects,
(Signed) Maryn Adriaensen, Jan Jansen Damen, Abm Planck.
(Lower stood) By their authority, Corns van Tienhoven, Secretary.
The savage massacre of the Indians followed, and then the swift retaliation upon the Dutch, which in the course of a few months reduced the thirty or forty farmhouses on Manhattan Island to four or five which still remained standing, and which drove in the survivors of the Indian depredations to dwell in "huts of straw" around Fort Amsterdam. The number of colonists at Cornelis Melyn’s settlement upon [104] Staten Island seems to have retarded its fate for a time. It was still unattacked as late as October, 1643, though "hourly expecting an assault," — which soon afterwards came, and left it a desolate waste. Melyn had, in the mean time, removed his family to New Amsterdam, and. sought out a place of abode there." Pages 100-104.

"Scandinavian Immigrants in New York, 1630-1674," by John O. Evjen, 1916, page 77.
"After the cessation of the Indian troubles Dirck Holgersen appears to have removed to his farm at Norman’s Kill. For in a deed of October 17, 1661, ‘Dirck Volckers, of Bushwyck, as husband and guardian of Christina Vinge, daughter of the late Geleyn Vinge and Adriana Cuvilje,’ conveyed to Augustine Herman, ‘his certain fourth part of the inheritance and succession which belongs to him from his wife’s parents, except the eighth part of the fourth part of a little field to pasture cattle, situated on the Maadge Paadje, in the rear of Lysbet Tysen’ (Valentine, Manual of … the city of New York, 1865, p. 686f)." [Footnote: Cf. New York Colonial Documents, vol. XIV., p. 511.

"The Huguenot Church of New York: A History of the French Church of Saint Esprit," by John A. Maynard, New York, 1938.
+ "Captain Adriaen Block having lost by fire his good ship Tiger, built a new one, the Onrust ("Restive") in the winter of 1614. This date is so close to the date of the birth of Jean Vigne, that we may well suppose that Vigne’s father, a Huguenot from Valenciennes, was one of these fur traders doing business under the Dutch pavilion. We know nothing else about him, except that his wife was called Adrienne, and that is a French name. Jean Vigne was quite a respectable [27] person in his days. Dutch records refer to him as Jean Vingne or Vinje.
"They tell us that he was eschevin or alderman in 1655, 1656, 1661 and 1663. As a former exchevin, he was entitled to the title of great burgher, and so we find him on the list of twenty great burghers in 1657, headed by Stuyvesant, with Jean de la Montagne second, Momine Megapolensis the sixth, Jean Vigne being the eighth on the list. In 1653 he is assessed fifty florins for the strengthening of the defenses of Fort Amsterdam. By profession, he was a brewer. We know that he died in 1691, having been married twice and leaving no issue. Now such a person could not tell an untruth in public without being contradicted, and certainly without remarks to the contrary passed behind his back when he boasted to the Labadists in 1679, that he was the first white child born in North America. He spoke the truth as he knew it, unaware of the Florida tragedy, and un- [28] knowing of some details of the story of Fort Caroline. The Holland Society was therefore right when it placed at Aldrich Court, 41 Broadway, a commemorative tablet which declared that thereabout was the first settlement of Manhattan, consisting of four houses or cabins, in 1613-1614, wand where probably Adriaen Block built the Onrust. The tablet does not state that Jean Vigne was probably born there, although the birth of a child is to our mind as important as the building of a boat."
[Footnotes: Jean Vigne as eschevin – B. Fernow, ‘The Records of New Amsterdam,’ Vol. 1, New York, 1897, p. 16-63. Burgher list – E.B. O’Callaghan, ‘The Register of New Netherlands, 1865, p. 174. Assessed fifty florins – "Had he been born after the settlement by Minuit, he would have been eschevin at twenty-six at the most! We have here a clear reductio ad absurdum." Married twice – A.R. Stiles, ‘History of the City of Brooklyn. Albany, 1869, p. 80-90. Labadists – "This kind of testimony cannot be set aside without contrary evidence. Quite another thing it would be to regard as history what was meant to be only poetical license, as for instance Benjamin Franklin De Costa’s poem on Vigne the Pilgrim of Old France, 1894. The author supposed that Vigne’s father owned his own sailing ship, and thus came to Manhattan."] Pages 26-28.

"History of the City of New York in the Seventeenth Century," by Mrs. Schuyler Van Rensselaer, New York, 1909.
+ From an account of the "first white child born on Manhattan": "His name was Jean Vigne or, in the spelling of the Dutch, Jan Vinje, Vinge, or occasionally Vienje, Finje, or Van Gee. His parents, Guleyn (William) Vigne and Adrienne Cuville, were Walloons from Valenciennes. The year of his birth is not known. Two Dutch travelers, remembered as the Labadist Fathers, who visited Manhattan in 1679 wrote that they had seen this oldest white native, and that he was about sixty-five years of age. It is hardly needful, however, to assume on such casual testimony form travelers who proved themselves at many points inaccurate observers that Jan Vinje was born in 1614 – that there was even one white woman on Manhattan as early as the year when Adriaen Block was building the Restless. Moreover, had their guess been accurate Jan Vinje would have been eighteen years of age in 1632 when his mother married a second time, whereas a prenuptial contract shows that he was still a child for whose schooling she and the stepfather promised to case. Yet it is probable that his birth antedated that of the town where, as long as the Dutch were in control, he took an active although not very prominent part in the public affairs. He died in 1689 leaving no descendants." Page 70.
+ Concerning Capt. Underhill, a military leader in New Amsterdam: "In early days Underhill had expressed for the savages a more Christian and pitiful feeling than the average New Englander left; but after his success on Long Island he killed three of his red captives and brought two to New Amsterdam where they were barbarously tortured and slain in the street in the presence of many lamenting squaws. It was said that Governor Kieft and Councillor La Montagne watched this hideous performance with approval, and that a white woman, Jan Jansen Dam’s wife – Van Tienhoven’s mother-in-law and mother of Jan Vinje – kicked before her a severed head. Moreover, in defiance of local custom and sentiment Kieft sent some of his Indian captives as a present to the governor of Bermuda and gave others to certain old soldiers whom he ‘improvidently’ permitted to return at this time to Holland. [Page 235.]

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While we were still sinners, Christ died for us.
- Romans 5:8