lived in Stockholm, Sweden, during the turn of the 19th century. (1)
Petronella Hjelmberg. (See below.)
Sven Olof Sjödin,
Feb. 25, 1800.
Anders Gustaf Sjödin,
Jan. 14, 1802.
Lars Peter Sjödin,
March 3, 1804. Died Oct. 14, 1806.
Johan Ephraim Sjödin,
March 29, 1806. Died June 11, 1806.
On July 21,
1799, Anders married a widow named Ingrid Petronella Hjelmberg at the Hedvig
Eleonora Church in Stockholm. (3)
Ingrid was born
June 6, 1771, to Olof Hjelmberg and Anna Catharina Palm in Jönköping. (4) Olof
was a soldier and at some point before
1793, the family moved to Stockholm.
On Sept. 22,
1793, Ingrid married Magnus Rundgren, who is listed as a “Stånd Drabant,” which
is a type of guard. While married to
Magnus, she gave birth to Catharina Johanna on June 8, 1794. However, she died
on Oct. 28 of the same
year. Magnus already had a daughter
named Anna Helena, who was born March 22, 1788, to his wife Juliana
Magnusdotter. Magnus died between 1796 and
1798. I have not found records of his
death, so it seems likely that he died on a military deployment or something of
that nature. He died before the creation
of the 1798 household register for Hedvig Eleonora parish, which lists Widow
Rundgren living at the same property where Magnus had been listed the previous
year. Anna Helen is listed as her
9-year-old daughter. (5)
At the time of Ingrid’s
marriage to Anders, the groom is listed as an “Extra Cancellisten,” which
appears to be some sort of government clerk.
A modern Swedish index for the marriage records lists his occupation as
“ex. kanslist,” which would translate as “clerk.” In
the baptismal records of his first two
children, Anders continues to be listed as a “Cancellisten.” However,
in the household registers of the
same parish at the same time, he is listed as a “Secreteraren,” or secretary.
Based on the
lists of witnesses at the baptisms of his children, Anders seems to have
associated with other minor officials, including on listed as a royal secretary,
several other secretaries, a controller, a commissioner and a choir director.
lived in the home where Magnus and Ingrid had lived previously. (6) It is listed
as being in a section of
Stockholm known as Kvarteret Kyrkogården, which would appear to be near a
cemetery, judging by the name. The 1800
household register lists “Secret. Sjödin,” his unnamed wife and “Dotter Anna
Hel. Rundgren.” In subsequent years,
record keepers continued to list Anna Helena, but drop her last name. Interestingly,
the registers never list
Anders’ own children. The 1804 register only
lists Anders and his wife, so it’s possible Anna Helena, who would have been
15, had moved out or simply been lumped in with Ander’s children.
In 1805, Anders
seems to have changed occupations and probably his home. That year’s household
register includes a
listing that appears to read “f.d. kannzelister Sjödins egendom,” which would
mean “former clerk Sjödin’s property.
Since no names appear under this notation, it seems likely that the
family had moved. (7)
A change of
occupations certainly occurred by March 1806, when Johann Ephraim’s baptismal
record indicates that Anders was a “Sjömannen,” or sailor. In addition,
the death records of Ander’s
sons who died in 1806 also list him as a sailor. These records also note the
family lived at
Skepparegaten, or Skipper’s Street. (8)
further information is elusive. There is
a gap in Hedvig Eleonora church’s household registers from 1806 and 1814 and
the departure records don’t start until 1819, which makes it difficult to
determine when the family left and where they went. In addition, I have not
found any mentions of
Anders, Ingrid or their children in indexes of Stockholm churches that cover
records after 1806. (9) At this point,
all that can be said of the family after 1806 is that Sven Olof enlisted in the
Swedish cavalry and moved to southern Sweden in 1817.
(1) Anders appears
in various church records from the Hedvig Eleonora parish in Stockholm, Sweden. (2)
The births are recorded in church book CI:16 of the Hedvig Eleonora parish in
Stockholm on the following pages: Sven Olof, 5; Anders Gustaf, 69; Lars Peter,
128; Johann Ephraim, 177. The deaths
of the sons in 1806 are listed in
Indexed records of Hedvig Eleonora
parish in Stockholm Available at www.ssa.stockholm.se. (3) The marriage is recorded in Hedvig
Eleonora church book EIa:3, No. 13 for 1799.
(4) Ingrid’s birth appears in Jönköping Kristina parish book C:5, page
219. (5) Ingrid’s previous marriage was
listed in Hedvig Eleonora church book EIa:3, No. 40 for 1793. Catharina Johanna’s
birth is listed in "Sweden,
Baptisms, 1611-1920," at FamilySearch.org.
Anna Helena’s birth appears in Hedvig
Eleonora church book CI:14, page 196. Her
death appears in the parish’s book FI:5, page 201. The household register
appears in Hedvig
Eleonora church book AIa:10, page 237.
(6) For 1800, Hedvig Eleonora church book AIa:10, page 394. For 1801,
book AIa:11, page 115. In 1801, the abbreviation “pros.” is added
after Anders’ name. I haven’t determined what that means. For 1802,
book AIa:11, page 211. For 1804, book AIa11, page 469. (7) The 1805 registers are in Hedvig Eleonora church
book AIa:11, page 520. (8) Lars Peter’s
death is listed in Hedvig Eleonora church book FI:5, page 200. Johan Ephraim’s
is on page 202 of the same
book. (9) Many of Stockholm’s church
records are indexed and available at city archives’ website at www.ssa.stockholm.se.
Sjödin was born Feb. 25, 1800, to Anders Sjödin and Ingrid Petronella Hjelmberg
in Stockholm, Sweden. (1)
Persdotter. (See below.)
Svensdotter, born June 3, 1820.
Svensson, born March 11, 1822.
Svensdotter, born April 2, 1824.
Svensson, born Jan. 7, 1829.
Svensdotter, born Dec. 27, 1831.
Sven was born
in Stockholm and apparently raised there.
When he was 17, he moved from Stockholm to Broby in the southern Swedish
province of Skåne, according to records from the Östra Broby parish. It seems
likely that he moved because he was
assigned to that area by the Swedish military.
Sven was a
hussar, a member of a light cavalry unit in the Swedish army. Sweden was at
peace from the end of the
Napoleonic wars through the end of the 19th century so it’s unlikely
that Sven ever saw action.
On Oct. 16,
1819, Sven married Karna Persdotter in Östra Broby. Karna was born Dec. 30,
1795, to Per Åkesson
and his wife Nilla Olasdotter in the town of Gryt. (3)
to have moved out of her father’s home before 1814, when she was 19. The
town’s household registers, which begin
in that year, show Karna living in a household other than her father’s,
probably as a boarder. (4) At some
point, Karna appears to have moved from Gryt to the nearby town of Qviinge. Östra
Broby parish records show she moved
from Qviinge to the village of Oröd near Broby in 1817. She appears to have
lived as a boarder until
the time of her marriage to Sven in 1819. (5)
lived in Oröd until 1823, when they moved a few miles away to Hästveda. In 1831,
the parish registers indicate that
the family moved from one part of Hästveda to another. (6) A
few years before the 1831 move, Sven seems to have undergone a change in his
status. In records following the move, he
is listed as “Hus. Gefreyter” or “Gefrejter.”
Today, the term indicates a military rank that’s equivalent to a corporal.
At some point
during the 1840s, Sven was discharged from the military. The household register
that cover 1839 to
1849 includes the notation “afsk,” which indicates a resignation or discharge.
(7) These registers also indicate that
Sven and Karna’s children gradually moved out during this period, mostly to
Broby or Sandby. There also are
notations that seem to indicate that the couple themselves spent time in
Sandby. They might have owned property
there because, in the 1830s and early 1840s, their children Ingar and Anders
lived at a place listed as “Brukas af Hussarin Sjödin,” which seems to indicate
“farm of hussar Sjödin.” (8)
Sven and Karna
moved to Sandby in 1850. (9) In the
household register that covers 1862 to 1867, Sven’s entry carries the notation,
“Inhys. f.d. Huss.,” which indicates that he was a lodger (“inhyses”)
and a former hussar (“f.d. Huss.”). If Sven had owned property in
Sandby at one
time, it appears to have been sold by this point. (10)
Karna died Oct.
24, 1861, in Sandby of “bröstsjukdom”
– literally “breast disease.” (11)
In Sven’s final
years, he continued to be listed as a lodger and former hussar in the household
registers. He died on Oct. 25, 1872, in
Sandby of “åld svaghet” – literally “aging weakness.” (12)
(1) Birth date
and place is mentioned in several records, including the Broby household
registers in Östra Broby church book AI:1, page 49. His parents appear in baptismal
the Hedvig Eleonora parish in Stockholm, which are available in "Sweden,
Baptisms, 1611-1920," at familysearch.org.
(2) The births are recorded in the Östra Broby church records, which are
searchable through the Demographic Database of Southern Sweden, which is
available at www.ddss.nu. The database cites the sources as follows: Ingar,
Östra Broby church book C:4, page 201; Anders, Östra Broby church book C:4,
page 216; Nilla, Hästveda church book C:4, page 133; Johannes, Hästveda church
book C:4, page4. Lisbeth’s birth does not
appear in the database but appears in Hästveda church book CI:5, page 14. (3)
The marriage is in southern Sweden
database, which cites the as Östra Broby church book C:4, page 450. Karna’s
birth is listed in Gryt church book
CI:2, page 327. (4) Gryt church book
AI:1, pages 10 and 15. (5) The move to
Broby is listed in household registers in Östra Broby church book AI:1, page
45. (6) The move to Hästveda is noted in
the town’s household registers in church book AI:3, page 31. The move
within Hästveda is noted in the
household registers in church book AI:5, pages 26 and 117. (7) Hästveda church
book AI:7, page 55. (8) Norra Sandby household registers in
church book AI:4, page 41, and book AI:5, page 41. (9) Norra Sandby household
church book AI:7, page 53. (10) Sandby
household register in Norra Sandby church book AI:10, page 109. (11) The southern
Sweden database cites the
source for her death as Norra Sandby church book F:1, page 1. (12) Household
register in Norra Sandby church book AI:12, page 209. His death also appears
in the southern
Swedish database, which cites Norra Sandby church book F:1, page 28.
Svensdotter was born on June 3, 1820, to Sven Olof Sjödin and his wife Karna
Pehrsdotter in Broby, a town in the southern Swedish province of Skåne. (1)
Sjödin Wiberg, born in 1843, probably on March 7. (2)
was a Hussar, a Swedish cavalryman. In
1823, the family moved from Broby to the nearby town of Hästveda.
In 1835, when
Ingar was about 15, she moved out of her parents’ home in Hästveda and lived as
a boarder for about a year in the nearby village of Boarp. In 1836, she moved
to the town of Sandby,
which falls under the parish of Norra Sandby.
The household register indicates that she lived at “Brukas af Hussarin
Sjödin,” possibly a farm owned by her father.
In 1838, she was joined by her brother Anders and the two lived in the
same household for several years. In the
Norra Sandby household register that covers 1839 to 1846, the two again appear
in the location designated as their father’s property. However, Anders is
listed as leaving in 1843 and Ingar’s name is crossed out, indicating that she,
too, moved away. No date or destination
is indicated, but Ingar appears to have moved across town because she appears
in another listing at another location in Sandby in the same book. It seems
likely that their father sold the
property, possibly in 1843. (3)
In 1843, Ingar
also gave birth to a son named Per.
Ingar is listed as unmarried and the child’s father is not named.
On Dec. 26,
1849, Ingar married Per Nilsson, a farm hand. Per was born April 30, 1818, to
Nils Johansson in Sandby. No births are
listed for the couple in the parish records. (4)
March 28, 1853, in Sandby of “magkrämpor,”
or digestive ailments. (5)
At this point,
it is uncertain what happened to her son between her death and 1857, when “Per,
son af Piga Ingar Swens” moved from Sandby to the town of Broby, where he lived
with his uncle Johannes Svensson for several years. (6) He does not appear in
the household with Per
Nilsson in the next set of household registers.
However, that register does note that Per Nilsson moved to Denmark in
1857, which might have prompted the younger Per’s move to Broby. (7)
(1) Birth is
recorded in the Östra Broby church records, which are searchable through the
Demographic Database of Southern Sweden, which is available at www.ddss.nu. The
database cites the source as Östra Broby church book C:4, page201. (2) Norra
Sandby church book CI:2, page 19.
Although Per’s birth records says he was born Aug. 7, he was probably
born March 7, which is listed as his birth date in most records. Ingar was unmarried
at this point and Per’s
father is not named. After leaving Sandby,
Per used his grandfather’s surname, Sjödin.
This was unusual because most Swedes of the time used the patronymic
system, taking their father’s first name and adding “son” to create their
surname. In later years, he went by the
name Per Sjödin Wiberg. At this point,
the origin of the name “Wiberg” is uncertain.
It has been speculated that it might be the surname of his father. (3)
The move to Boarp is noted in the
household registers in Hästveda church book AI:6, page 76. The siblings’
arrival appears in the
household register that covers 1835 to 1838, which appears in church book AI:4,
page 41. The years 1839 to 1846 are covered in church book AI:5, pages 15 and
41. (4) Marriage is recorded in Norra Sandby church book EI:1, Page 38. Per
Nilsson’s birth date is recorded in the household register in Norra Sandby
church book AI:6, page 15. His birth and
father are listed in the southern Swedish database, citing Norra
Sandby church book C:1,
page 80. (5) Norra Sandby church
record book CI:2, page 70. (6) Per Sjödin’s departure is listed in Norry Sandby
church book B:2, page 33. The listing
translates as “Per, son of young woman Ingar Swensdotter,” an indication that
he was still not acknowledged by his father. (7) Per Nilsson appears in the
registers for 1854-1858 in Norra Sandby church book AI:7, page 24.
Wiberg was born March 7, 1843, to Ingar Svensdotter in Sandby, in the southern
Swedish province of Skåne. (1)
Nilsson and, after Bertha’s death, Elna Persdotter. (See below.)
Berthe Nilsson: (2)
Charlotta Wiberg, born Dec. 14, 1869.
Wiberg, born March 9, 1872.
Carolina Wiberg, born May 10, 1874.
Married a man named Peterson in America.
Wiberg, born March 15, 1876. Died March 4, 1877.
Wiberg, born Sept. 5, 1877. Married
Simon H. Johnson in America.
Wiberg, born April 20, 1879. Died March
Wiberg, born Sept. 25, 1880. Married Otto Larsson in America.
Elna Persson: (3)
Wiberg, born July 9, 1894.
Wiberg, born in 1896.
Wiberg, born in 1900.
Per and Elna
also had children who died at birth or soon thereafter in 1892 and 1893.
When Per was
born, his mother was 23 year old and unmarried.
She had moved out of her parent’s home several years previously and was
probably living with her brother, Anders, at the time.
The name of
Per's father is unknown. The apparent
lack of acknowledgement by a father presented problems under the Swedes’
patronymic naming system. In most cases,
children received their surname by combining the first name of their father
with “son” or “dotter.” After leaving
Sandby, Per used the surname Sjödin, which came from his grandfather, Sven Olof
Sjödin, a cavalryman in the Swedish army.
This was very unusual. In fact,
Sven’s own sons went by the surname Svensson, rather than Sjödin. In later
years, Per used the double surname
Sjödin Wiberg. At this point, the origin
of the name Wiberg is uncertain. It has
been speculated that it might be the surname of his father.
On Dec. 26,
1849, Per's mother married Per Nilsson, a farm hand from Sandby. The family
lived in that town, where Per
Nilsson continued working as a farmer.
They do not seem to have had any additional children. (4)
March 28, 1853, in Sandby. (5) At this
point, it is uncertain what happened to her son immediately after her
death. Per does not appear with his
stepfather in the next household register.
In addition, that register notes that Per Nilsson immigrated to Denmark
in 1857, a move that might have prompted the younger Per to leave Sandby. (6)
1857, the Norra Sandby church records note the departure of “Per, son af Piga
Ingar Swens” for the town of Broby. (7)
Interestingly, the arrival records of the Östra Broby parish list the
newcomer as “Per Sjödin,” making them the first records to use that name.
Per was 14
years old when he arrived in Broby and moved into the home of his mother’s
brother, Johannes Svensson. Johannes was
a wagon maker and was married to a woman named Johanna Johnsdotter. Per lived
with the family for about two
years. He probably wasn’t involved in an
occupation because the household register lists has as a “boy.” (9)
Johannes’ family moved to a different location in Broby and Per moved to the
household of a coppersmith named Magnus Hallström, who also lived in Broby.
(10) The 16-year-old Per appears to have
worked for the coppersmith even though he was not listed among the
apprentices. In the household register,
he is listed as a “dräng,” which normally
designates a farmhand or bachelor. However, when Per left Broby in 1860, the
departure record lists him as an apprentice coppersmith. (11)
1860, Per moved to the town of Winslöv, which is now spelled Vinslöv. Although
his arrival record and an early
household register list Per as a coppersmith, he was actually still an
apprentice, or “lärling.” (12) While in
Winslöv, Per lived in the household of coppersmith Carl Magnus Nordström. (13)
In March 1862,
Nordström moved from Winslöv to the city of Lund and took his young apprentice
along with him. Per worked with
Nordström for another two years. (14)
In August 1864,
Per moved across the city to work for another coppersmith, Carl Magnus
Ryberg. (15) In the record of
the move, Per’s name is
preceded by the designation “Ges,” which is short for “gesäll,” or
journeyman. In addition, Per’s surname
is listed as Sjödin Wiberg, the first use of that name. At this point, it’s
unknown why Per added the
surname Wiberg while living in Lund.
Interestingly, Lund is also the first parish to list what appears to be
Per’s correct date of birth, March 7.
It’s conceivable that he discovered information about his birth and
father about this time, prompting him to make the changes.
After less than
a year of working with Ryberg, Per returned to Nordström in March 1865.
Interestingly, Per’s return was covered by the same register as his previous
stay in the household. The record keeper
had already crossed out Per’s name, so he had to add it again – this time with
his new designation as journeyman and his expanded surname. (16)
1866, Per left Lund for the city of Malmo. (17)
Per’s arrival is noted in the records of Sankt Petri parish, which
indicate he was still a journeyman. In
November 1867, Per transferred to the Malmo Caroli parish. (18)
On June 5, 1869,
Per married Bertha Nilsdotter at Malmo Caroli. (19)
Bertha was born
Oct. 15, 1841, to Nils Nilsson and his wife Kjersti Pehrsdotter. (20) Nils was
a tenant famer in the village of
Fjerdingslöf – now spelled Fjärdingslöv – which falls under the parish of Gylle
in Skåne. (21)
Fjerdingslöf for the city of Malmo in 1858, when she was 17 years old. For the
next 11 years, Bertha moved around
within Malmo and switched her church membership between the Sankt Petri and
Caroli parishes several times. She also
appears to have held several jobs, including factory worker and some sort of
job at a hospital. (22)
After they were
married, the couple lived in Malmo in four years and Bertha gave birth to two
of their children, Emilia and Ida. According
to family tradition, a childhood illness left Ida deaf.
1873, the family left Malmo and moved to the city of Kristianstad, where their
arrival is noted in December in the Kristianstad Stad parish records. (23) The
family lived in Kristianstad for four
years and Bertha gave birth to three daughters – Mathilda, Anna Christina and
Anna Lovisa. Sadly, their daughter Anna
Christina died of whooping
cough when she was a little less than a year old. (24)
All of the
records from Kristianstad refer to Per as a “kopparslagare” without a notation
that he’s a journeyman, so it seems that he had become a full-fledged
coppersmith by this point. Family
tradition mentions Per’s work as a craftsman.
His masterpiece was a coffee service set, which he presented to Bertha
upon their engagement. The set was later
presented to Bertha Larson because she was Bertha Wiberg’s youngest
daughter. The set was later presented to
Grace Blomberg, who was Bertha Larson’s youngest daughter. (25) Grace
passed it on to her daughter, but the
set was then lost in a house fire.
Another copper service set that Per made is owned by his
great-granddaughter Grace Reishus.
1877, the family left Kristianstad and moved to Broby, the town where Per had
lived with his uncle as a teenager and started his training as a coppersmith.
While living in
Broby, Bertha gave birth to two children, Berndt Wilhelm and Bertha
Kristina. Berndt died when he was only
11 months old. (27)
to work as a coppersmith. In addition,
family tradition attributes a number of other activities to Per, including
owning a farm, making soft drinks during the summers and serving as mayor of
Broby. According to one account, Per
owned a soft-drink business, which was passed on to his son Herman.
In 1888, the
family moved a few miles away, to the village of Westraby in the parish of
On Feb. 11,
1889, tragedy struck the family again and Bertha died of tuberculosis at age
As was usual at
the time, Per didn’t wait too long to remarry.
On March 25, 1890, he married Elna Persdotter. Elna was born Sept. 16,
1855, to Pehr Larsson
and Pernilla Jönsdotter in Westraby.
Although she was 35 years old, it was her first marriage. (30)
moved back to Broby in 1890. (31) There,
Elna gave birth to two children who died at or soon after birth in 1892 and
1893. No names are recorded for either
child. Elna then gave birth to Emma
Paulina, Hertha Elvina and Berndt Herman. (32)
family tradition, Elna was often cruel to Bertha’s daughters. Emilia,
Anna, Mathilda and Bertha eventually
immigrated to the United States. (33)
Per died on
Oct. 27, 1920. Elna died April 3,
1924. Both are buried at the church in
(1) Per's birth is recorded in the Norra Sandby church
book C:2, page 19. None of the records that have turned up so far mentions the
name of his father. His birth record and most of the other records from the
early years of his life list his birth date at Aug. 7. However, all of the
records from his stay in the city of Lund through his death list it as March 7.
(Interestingly, Lund is also the first place where he uses the name surname
Wiberg.) It seems pretty certain that
Per was actually born on March7. It seems likely that the record keeper was
confused, thinking that the birth occurred in August because the baptism was on
Aug. 13. Swedes in that time and place generally had their children baptized
days, not months, after birth. It also
seems likely that later record keepers simply kept copying the incorrect date
until Per was old enough to correct the mistake. Per's tombstone uses the March
date. (2) Births of Bertha’s children and the
deaths of two of them are found in the Demografisk Databas Södra Sverige, or
Demographic Database of Southern Sweden, which is available at
www.ddss.nu. The database’s sources for
the births are as follows: Emilia Charlotta,Marlmo Caroli church book CI:11,
page 670; Ida Wilhelmina, Marlmo Caroli CI:12, page 142; Mathilda Carolina, Kristianstads
Stad C:15, page 127; Anna Christina Karistianstads Stad C:15, page 182, and
death is in F:5, page 123; Anna Lovisa, C:15, page 228; Berndt Wilhelm, Östra
Broby C:9, page 353, and death is in Östra Broby F:2, page 199; and Bertha
Kristina, Östra Broby C:9, page 381. The
spouses for Bertha and Anna Lovisa are mentioned in Cook County, Ill., marriage
index available at ancestry.com. The
last name of Mathilda’s husband is known from passenger information provided by
Anna and Bertha when they immigrated to the United States aboard the ship Ivernia, which arrived in
Boston on Oct. 1, 1901. The two women
said they were going to the home of their sister Tilley Peterson. The information
is available at
ancestry.com. Cook County, Ill.,
marriage records available through familysearch.org, list the marriage of a
Mathilda Wiberg to an Andrew Peterson on Jan. 20, 1894, but it’s uncertain
whether this is the correct couple. (3)
Hertha Elvina and Berndt Herman are listed in the 1900 Swedish census of Broby,
which is available through the Swedish archive’s website at
www.svar.ra.se. The other births and
deaths listed here are found in the southern Swedish database. It cites as its
source for Emma Paulina, Östra Broby church book C:11,
page 61. The births of the unnamed
children are in C:11, page 27 and 41.
(4) Ingar and Per’s marriage is recorded in Norra Sandby church book
EI:1, Page 38. Other family information
is recorded in the household register in Norra Sandby church book AI:6, page
15. Per Nilsson is listed as a “Torp.,”
an abbreviation that usually indicates a crofter, or peasant. (5) Norra Sandby
church book CI:2, page 70.
(6) Per Nilsson appears in the household registers for 1854-1858 in Norra
Sandby church book AI:7, page 24. (7)
Per Sjödin’s departure is listed in Norry Sandby church book B:2, page 33. “Per,
son af Piga Ingar Swens” means “Per,
son of young woman Ingar Swensdotter.”
(8) Arrival record is in Östra Broby church book B:1, under 1857. (9)
Household register in Östra Broby church
book AI:9, page 21. (10) Also in Östra
Broby church book AI:9. The coppersmith
is on page 29 and Johannes appears on page 54.
Per remains at the same location in the follow register, which covers
1860 to 1868, in church book AI:10, page 72.
(11) Departure is in Östra Broby church book B:1, page 93. The record
lists him as a “Koppsl. lärl.,” an
abbreviation for “kopparslagare lärling,” or coppersmith apprentice. (12)
Arrival is in Vinslöv church book B:3,
page 55. (13) The household register
listing for 1856 to 1860 are in Vinslöv church book AI:13, page 280. The register
for 1861 to 1867 is in church
book AI:14, page 319. (14) The two appear
next to each other in the departure listings, leaving the same day, from the
same place and heading to the same destination.
It appears in Vinslöv church book B:4, page 1. The Lund household register
is in Lund’s Dom
church book AI:51, page 99. (15) The
move is recorded in Lund’s Dom church book BI:5, page 207. The household
register that mentions Ryberg
appears in Lund’s Dom church book AI:53, page 254. (16) The move back
to Nordström’s household
is recorded in Lund’s Dom church book BI:5, page 307. (17) The departure
is listed in Lund’s Dom
church book BI:5, page 311. The arrival
appears in Malmo Sankt Petri church book BI:4, page 196. (18) Arrival is listed
in Malmo Caroli church
book BI:4, page 239. Per is listed as a
coppersmith but later records indicate he was still a journeyman. (19)
The marriage is recorded in Malmo Caroli church book EI:5, page 98. (20)
Bertha’s birth is listed in Gylle church
book CI:3, page 83. (21) The family is
listed in household registers in Gylle church book AI:5, page 59. (22) Bertha’s
departure for Malmo is noted in
the household register in Gylle church book AI:7, page 52. She appears in household
registers of Malmo
Caroli parish from 1863 to 1864 in church book AI:12, page 53; and Sankt Petri
in 1865 in church book Aid:7, page 245. Arrivals and departures to and from the
two parishes are listed in Sankt Petri books BI4, pages 98 and 162; and Caroli
book BI:4, pages 51, 94 and 127. (23)
The departure is noted in Malmo Caroli church book BI:5, page 77. The arrival
is in Kristianstad Stad
congregation’s church book B:8, page 110. (24) The listing in the household
appears in the Kristianstad Stad parish’s book AI:22, page 1686. Anna
Christina’s death appears in the southern Sweden database, which cites
Kristianstad Stad church book F:5, page 123.
(25) The family traditions were passed along in a questionnaire filled
out by Per’s granddaughters Grace (Larson) Blomberg and Olga (Larson) Kvarnberg
in the late 1980s. Both were daughters of Berthan Christina (Wiberg) Larson. Grace
provided information on Per’s work as a
coppersmith. (26) The departure is
recorded in the Kristianstad Stad parish’s book B:8, page 172. (27) Berndt
Wilhelm’s death is found in the
southern Swedish database, which cites Östra Broby church book F-2, page
199. (28) The move is mentioned in
household register in Östra Broby church book AI:13, page 48. (29) Southern
Swedish database, which cites
Emmislöv church book F:2, page 80. (30)
Marriage appears in southern Swedish database, which cites the source Emmislöv
church book E:1, page 41. Elna’s
birth also appears in the database,
which cites Emmislövs church book C:6, page 27.
The household register for Östra Broby in church book AI:14, page 43,
mentions that Elna had never been married.
(31) The return is mentioned in household register from Östra Broby
church book, AI:13, page 79. (32) The
births of the two unnamed children and Emma Paulina are mentioned in the
southern Sweden database, citing Östra Broby church book C:11, pages 27, 41 and
61. The death of one unnamed child is
mentioned in the database, which cites Östra Broby church book F:2, page
363. (33) Emilia’s departure to America
is noted in the Emmislöv household registers in church book A:12, page 12. See
footnote 2 for information on the other
women’s emigration. (34) The death and
burial information is from the Swedish cemetery website http://gravar.se/.