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This page contains information about Pathanamthitta District and links

PATHANAM THITTA -Array of Houses on River Side

Situated near the western ghats and bordered by the hills, Pathanamthitta TownPathanamthitta district is a treat to eyes with its vast unending stretches of forests, rivers and rural landscapes. Blessed by nature, the district is famous for its scenic beauty, fairs and festivals.

Pathanamthiita is a true tropical diversity adorned with fertile agricultural land, plantations and forest, Paddy, tapioca, varieties of vegetables and spices like cardamom, pepper etc. are extensively cultivated. The district also abounds in extensive rubber plantations.

It is presumed that the regions presently under the district were formerly  under the Pandalam reign which had connections with the Pandya kingdom. Pathanamthitta now includes portions of the erstwhile Kollam, Alappuzha and Idukki district.Pathanamthitta, Adoor, Ranny, Konni and Kozhencherry are some of the important are the major places taken from Alappuzha district.

Pathanamthitta is a combination of two words Pathanam and Thitta which mean an array of houses on the river side. This district was formed on 1st November 1982 in the interest of the hastening process of development. The total area of district is 2642 sq.kms., of this 1300.73 sq.kms come under forest.


The district consists of three natural divisions, viz., Pathanamthittathe lowland, the midland and the highland. The highland stretches through the western ghats and descends to the midland in the center, down to these lowland and coconut gardens on the western borders of Alappuzha district. The topography of the district is highly undulating., It starts from the tall hill slopes covered with thick forests on the East along the mountains down to the valleys and small hills to the  flat land of coconut trees in the West.

The district has more or less the same climatic conditions as prevalent elsewhere in the state, Viz., dry seasons from December to February and hot seasons from March to May. The south west monsoon from June to September and the north west monsoon from October to November provide fairly good rain. The south west monsoon is usually very heavy and about 75% of the annual rain is received during this season. The climate is generally moderate, the temperature rising from 20'0 to 39'0c.


Forest covers an area of 1390.73 sq.kms. in the district. This is more than 50% of the total area of the district, while the optimum area fixed by experts is only 33% . The total cropped area in Pathanamthitta district is 1086.53 sq.kms. The forests in the district can broadly be classified as evergreen, semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forest.

Timber is the most important forest produce in the district. In fact, forest is the main source of raw materials for wood based industrial units. Teak, rosewood, Jack tree, Manjakadamu, Anjili, Pala etc. are some of the important for rayon, newsprint, plywood etc., these forests are source for a number of useful minor products like bamboo, reeds, honey, medicinal plants and herbs.


Three important rivers flow through this district. Achancoil RiverThey are Pampa, Achankovil and Manimala rivers. The Pampa rivers is formed by the confluence of Pambayar, Arthayar, Kakkadayar, Kakkar and Kallar. It descends from Sabrimala, flows through various parts of Ranny taluk enters Alappuzha district itself into the Vembanad lake. The river Achankovil is formed by the confluence of several small steams originating from Rishimala, Pasukidamettu and Ramakkalteri and joins the Pamba at Veeyapuram in Alappuzha district.

One third of the electricity produced by the State comes from this district. Power is generated from the Sabarigiri Hydro-electric Project situated at the Pamba basin in the district.

The abundant water resource in the district is also utilized for irrigation purpose through the Kallada Irrigation Project and the Pampa Irrigation Project.


Agriculture is the main occupation of the people. Paddy FieldAbout 80% depends on it directly or indirectly. The main crops raised in the district are paddy, tapioca, rubber, sugarcane, pepper and banana.

Rubber occupies the main position among the commercial crops in the district. Rubber cultivation is concentrated mainly in the hilly eastern zone, though one cannot see house in the district without a rubber tree in its compound. The cropping pattern of important agricultural products in terms of the area cultivated

There are 3 State seed farms in the district. These seed farms are concentrated in the production of paddy seeds, vegetable seeds, rooted pepper cutting etc. The Krishi Vijnan Kendra at Thellyoor near Kumbanad, Which is sponsored by ICAR, is imparting training to farmers. The Sugar Cane Research Station of Kerala Agricultural University functions at Kallumkal near Thriuvalla. There are 62 Krishi Bhavans in the district They implement developmental activities in the agricultural sector


The main species of livestock in the district are cow, buffaloes, goats, sheep's, pigs, fowls and ducks. The district has been designated by Government as a Disease Free Zone and a Systematic vaccination programme is being implemented on a time bound basis to declare this district as Disease Free Zone for cattle. In disease free zones, measures to free the cattle from diseases of various types are undertaken with an emphasis on preventive aspects rather than on curative aspect. In all the panchayath and municipalities, veterinary facilities are available through veterinary dispensaries, veterinary hospitals and poly clinics. There are 37 veterinary dispensaries in the district. One Mobile farm Aid Unit is functioning at Ayravon, Konni. The eight veterinary hospitals functioning in the district are at Ayroor, Pulikeezhu, Pandalam, Kozhencherry, Konni, Pallickal, Vadasserikara and Mallappally. There are 4 veterinary poly clinics; one each at Adoor, Patanamthitta, Ranny and Thiruvalla.

There are 90 I.C.D.P. (Intensive Cattle Development Project) sub centres under 3 Regional Artificial Insemination Centres (R.A.I.C) one each at Ranny, Mallappally and Pathanamthitta. They are under the control of the Project Officer of I.C.D.P. Office at Patthanamthitta. There is one artificial insemination centre at Pullad and 4 A.I.. sub centres at Malloor, Ezhumattoor, Vallamkulam and Vennikulam.

There are 5 veterinary sub centre functioning in the district at Vayala, Ranny, Angadi, Kottangal and Naranganam.

There are one disease Investigation Lab. and one Avian Disease Diagnostic Lab. functioning at Pathanamthitta and Thiruvalla receptively. The only duck farm in the State is situated in Niranam near Thiruvalla. All together there are 156 institutions in the district the Animal Husbandry Department.


One of the two breeding center for quality fingerlings in the State is located at Panivelichira about 15 kms. Away from the district headquarters. This seed farm is a demonstration-um-training farm controlled by the Fish Framers Development Agency. At this farm, fingerlings of catla, Rohu, Mrigal, Labeo, Cyprimes etc. are performance of this centre, fish cultivation has developed in and around Pannivelicchira within a radius of 10 kms. The farm at Polachira near Kaviyoor is a National Fish Seed Farm. As per the National Fish Seed Programme, a Chinese hatchery is being constructed at Polachira.

Though there are 456 tanks in this district, the ones under fish cultivation are 349 only. Five Harijan co-operative societies are functioning here for selling of fish.

Fish farmers Development Agency is a body formed in the district for the development of aquaculture. It traces out suitable water areas for pisiculture and encourages the farmers by imparting training on scientific fish culture, supplying quality fish and prawn fingerlings, technical advice, arranging loan facilities and by giving subsidies.

A Vanitha Matsyathoozhilali Vividohesa Sevana Bank is funtioning at Thiruvalla to assist women fish vendors from exploitation of middle men.


The district has two revenue divisions, viz., Thiruvalla and Adoor. The district consists of five taluks, viz., Ranni, Kozhencherry, Adoor, Thiruvalla and Mallappally. There are sixty eight villages in the district.The headquarters of District Panchayat is at Pathanamthitta. There are Parakode, Pandalam, Kulanada, Elanthoor, Konni, Mallappally, Ranni, Koipuram and Pulikkeezhu. The number of grama Panchayaths in the district are 54. Adoor, Thiruvalla and Pathanamthitta are municipalities.

Taluk Details The actual area of each taluk in Pathanamthitta is tabulated as per the following table.

Kozhencherry taluk : Area of Pathanamthitta municipality + Konni block + (Elanthoor block - Cherukole Panchayat).
Adoor taluk : Area of Pandalam block + Parakode block + Kadambanad Panchayat + Peringanad village.
Thiruvalla taluk :Area of Thiruvalla municipality + Pulikeezhu block + (Koipuram block _ Puramattom, Ezhumattor and Ayroor panchayats).
Mallappally taluk:Area of Mallappally block + Puramattom and Ezhumattor panchayats.
Ranni taluk :

Assembly and Parlimentary Constituencies

Pathanamthitta district does not have any full-fledged Parliamentary constituency in its purview.  Its eight Assembly constituencies are segmented and made parts of different Parliamentary constituencies . Adoor and Konni are made part of Adoor Parliamentary constituency. Thiruvall, Kolloopara, Aranmula and parts of Pandalam Assembly and Ranni and Pathanamthitta  is not yet unified in terms of Parliamentary constituencies.

There are eight Assembly constituencies in this district. They are : Pathanamthitta , Konni, Kallooppara, Pandalam, Ranni , Tiruvalla, Aranmula, Adoor


There are 835 public distribution outlets and 33 Maveli stores in the district. The taluk-wise break up of public distribution outlets is as follows; Kozhenchery-244, Adoor-196,Thiruvalla-153, Ranni-149 and Mallappally-93.

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