Powering the Industrial Revolution    

      With the decline of feudal conflict and with better farming techniques came the need for increased transportation throughout Europe. Stable central governments established a measure of law and order and organized the resources to build and maintain roads.  And when the Great Horse was no longer needed to carry the knight in shining armor, demand for his strength came from the farmer and the merchant. The horse then truly filled every niche of the economy: pulling plows, stagecoaches, mail coaches, wagons, heavy carts and light carts and trotting horizontal treadmills that turned the grindstones that made flour from grain. Even the first trains were horse-drawn on their steel tracks.

    For 2,500 years until the invention of the internal combustion engine, horses and horse-drawn vehicles were the only effective means to cover large distances, plow the soil, transport merchandise and wage war. The result, from conquest to exploration to moving goods and people, is self-evident. Perhaps humans would have explored and colonized the entire planet without horses to carry them or their provisions, but that seems doubtful. For just one species, the influence of the horse has been immeasurably profound.

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Any information, suggestions or contributions would be greatly appreciated.  I am particularly interested in material on the use and training of horses in Asia.   Please email me at: mmaidens@verizon.com.

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