Donette Steele, M.A. / Clinical Psychology

Psychological Disorders / Abnormal Psy Practice Exam/ Bonus Practice

Intro Prac Psy Disorders

                                                                Name: __________________________


1. _____ is a statistically based approach that observes what behaviors are rare or occur infrequently in a specific society or culture and labels those deviations from the norm "abnormal." 
A. Abnormality as deviation from the average
B. Abnormality as deviation from the ideal
C. Abnormality as a sense of personal discomfort
D. Abnormality as the inability to function effectively


2. Insanity is a(n) _____ term. 
A. legal
B. psychological
C. archaic
D. colloquial


3. Which perspective on psychological disorders primarily argues that psychological disorders stem from childhood conflicts over opposing wishes regarding sex and aggression? 
A. Sociocultural perspective
B. Medical perspective
C. Humanistic perspective
D. Psychoanalytic perspective


4. The behavioral perspective on psychological disorders assumes that abnormal behaviors are: 
A. genetic anomalies.
B. learned responses.
C. hormonal imbalances.
D. chemical deficiencies.


5. The humanistic perspective on psychological disorders is associated with the work of: 
A. Sigmund Freud.
B. Abraham Maslow.
C. Alfred Kinsey.
D. Carl Jung.


6. The feeling of apprehension and tension experienced in reaction to stressful situations is referred to as: 
A. mania.
B. dyslexia.
C. anxiety.
D. paralysis.


7. Intense, irrational fears of specific objects or situations are referred to as: 
A. compulsions.
B. manias.
C. phobias.
D. obsessions.


8. Social phobia is the fear of being: 
A. suffocated in confined spaces.
B. judged or embarrassed by others.
C. attacked by a clown.
D. sexually abused.


9. Which of the following is a symptom of panic disorder? 
A. A sense of impending, unavoidable doom
B. The inability to register new information
C. Loss of memory
D. Loss of motor functioning


10. An irresistible urge to repeatedly carry out some act that seems strange and unreasonable is referred to as: 
A. mania.
B. hypomanic episode.
C. compulsion.
D. agnosia.


11. Sam washes his hands very frequently. In spite of this he feels that his hands are not clean and that he might acquire a viral disease due to poor hygiene. Given this information, we can conclude that Sam has: 
A. bipolar disorder.
B. cyclothymic disorder.
C. dyskinesia.
D. obsessive-compulsive disorder.


12. Posttraumatic stress disorder is classified as: 
A. an anxiety disorder.
B. a type of amnesia.
C. a type of somatoform disorder.
D. a dissociative disorder


13. People with _____ typically re-experience a stressful event in vivid flashbacks or dreams. 
A. agnosia
B. posttraumatic stress disorder
C. dissociative identity disorder
D. anorexia


14. Psychological difficulties that take on a physical form but for which there is no medical cause are called _____. 
A. genetic disorders
B. chromosomal disorders
C. somatoform disorders
D. cognitive disorders


15. _____ is a disorder in which people have a constant fear of illness and a preoccupation with their health. 
A. Akinesia
B. Hemophilia
C. Hypochondriasis
D. Agnosia


16. _____ are psychological dysfunctions characterized by the separation of different facets of a person's personality that are normally integrated. 
A. Conversion disorders
B. Dissociative disorders
C. Chromosomal disorders
D. Somatoform disorders


17. _____ is a disorder in which a person displays characteristics of two or more distinct personalities. 
A. Bipolar disorder
B. Conversion disorder
C. Cyclothymic disorder
D. Dissociative identity disorder


18. _____ is a form of amnesia in which the individual leaves home and sometimes assumes a new identity. 
A. Anorexia
B. Conversion disorder
C. Bipolar disorder
D. Dissociative fugue


19. Mood disorder refers to: 
A. a form of amnesia in which the individual leaves home and assumes a new identity.
B. disturbance in emotional experience that is strong enough to intrude on everyday living.
C. actual physical disturbance, such as the inability to use a sensory organ.
D. actual loss of information from memory that typically results from a physiological cause.


20. Which of the following is true of the symptoms of mood disorders? 
A. In mania, the individual cycles between periods of intense happiness on the one hand and deep depression on the other.
B. In bipolar disorder, the individual feels elated all the time and seems to have boundless energy.
C. In major depression, the individual feels useless, worthless, and lonely, and also thinks the future is hopeless.
D. In manic-depressive disorder, the individual seems to have lost his or her eye sight.


21. _____ is a disorder in which a person typically alternates between periods of euphoric feelings of mania and periods of depression. 
A. Amnesia
B. Conversion disorder
C. Bipolar disorder
D. Dissociative fugue


22. Butch, a gifted musician, alternates between periods of dark despair and times of elation, great energy, recklessness, and creativity. He seems to be most prolific during periods of mania. Butch is most likely to be suffering from _____. 
A. conversion disorder
B. bipolar disorder
C. dissociative disorder
D. narcissistic personality disorder


23. _____ is a class of disorders in which severe distortion of reality occurs. 
A. Schizophrenia
B. Parkinson's disease
C. Hypochondriasis
D. Bipolar disorder


24. Roger is a manipulative individual who has no regard for the moral and ethical rules of society or the rights of others. It is most likely that he has: 
A. manic disorder.
B. bipolar disorder.
C. antisocial personality disorder.
D. obsessive-compulsive disorder.


25. Carrie is dramatic and emotionally volatile. She rapidly forms intense relationships that seem to fall apart just as quickly. Although she tends to distrust others, she also needs their attention to define her. Carrie is most likely to be diagnosed with _____. 
A. antisocial personality disorder
B. borderline personality disorder
C. narcissistic personality disorder
D. bipolar personality disorder


26. Narcissistic personality disorder is characterized by a(n): 
A. exaggerated sense of self-importance.
B. tendency to submit to demeaning treatment.
C. disregard for religion.
D. inability to develop a stable sense of identity.


27. Alzheimer's disease is classified as a(n) _____. 
A. eating disorder
B. organic mental disorder
C. somatoform disorder
D. manic disorder


28. Of the following factors, ________ is related to the highest rates of mental disorders. 
A. low income
B. ethnicity
C. birth order
D. gender


29. Brad seems to be in a continuous state of anxiety though he is unable to identify the source of his feelings. The most likely diagnosis for Brad is ________ disorder. 
A. generalized anxiety
B. phobic
C. panic
D. dysthymic


30. John has sudden attacks of intense fear in which his heart races, he feels faint, and he has trouble catching his breath. During these attacks, he worries that he is going to die. From this description, it sounds like John has 
A. a specific phobia.
B. obsessive-compulsive disorder.
C. panic disorder.
D. generalized anxiety disorder.


31. It has been over two years since the death of her husband, and although Jenelle tries to go out with her friends for dinners and sometimes a concert, she still cannot seem to find much pleasure in life. Jenelle is most likely suffering from 
A. a major depressive disorder.
B. dysthymic disorder.
C. a social phobia.
D. involuntary grief reaction.


32. Mrs. Johnson recently returned home after being gone for nearly five months. She has no memory associated with those five months. She most likely experienced a(n) 
A. manic episode.
B. depressive attack.
C. dissociative fugue.
D. episode of schizophrenia.


33. When driving to work, Darren believes that he is receiving a secret message from the government through his car radio. He spends most of his days trying to warn others about an impending invasion from outer space that the voice on his radio has been telling him about. Darren is most likely suffering from 
A. major depressive disorder.
B. a specific phobia.
C. antisocial personality disorder.
D. schizophrenia.


34. When Jack's ex-wife informs him that his son had been killed in a car accident, Jack responds by saying "Good, now I don't have to pay child support!" Jack is most likely suffering from 
A. major depressive disorder.
B. a specific phobia.
C. antisocial personality disorder.
D. schizophrenia.


35. You fall to pieces every time you have to go to a job interview, present a report in front of the class, or ask someone out on a date. These symptoms are MOST indicative of the following? 
A. panic disorder
B. social phobia
C. agoraphobia
D. generalized anxiety disorder


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