Notes on Church History

A Church History Timeline 

Compiled by 
R. Grant Jones

If there is no timeline to the right,
click here.

Warning:  This is a work in progress, 
and doubtless contains errors.



The Pre-Christian Background

First Century
Jesus, 
Paul, 
Nero, 
Clement, 
Persecutions under Nero and Domitian, 
Synod of Jamnia

Second Century
Persecution under Trajan, Hadrian,and Marcus Aurelius; 
Ignatius of Antioch, 
Symeon, 
Marcion, 
Quadratus, 
Aristides, 
Bar-Cocheba, 
Justin Martyr, 
Aristo of Pella, 
Polycarp, 
Montanus, 
Claudius Apollinaris, 
Melito of Sardis, 
Tertullian, 
Irenaeus, 
Victor of Rome, 
Polycrates, 
Clement of Alexandria

Third Century
Persecution under Septimius Severus, Decius, and 
Valerian; 
Origen, 
Callistus, 
Hippolytus, 
Dionysius, 
Cyprian, 
Stephen of Rome, 
Paul of Samosata, 
Diocletian, 
the Apostolic Constitutions

Fourth Century (Part I)
Persecution under Diocletian; 
The council of Elvira, 
Alban, 
Lucian of Antioch, 
Constantine, 
the Edict of Milan, 
Alexander of Alexandria, 
Arius, 
Eusebius of Nicomedia, 
First Ecumenical Council (Nicea), 
Eusebius of Caesarea, 
Athanasius, 
Marcellus of Ancyra, 
Julius of Rome, 
Council of Antioch, 
Council of Sardica, 
Cyril of Jerusalem

Fourth Century (Part II)
Councils of Sirmium, 
Hilary of Poitiers, 
Council of Arles, 
Council of Milan, 
Liberius of Rome, 
The “Blasphemy” of Hosius, 
Anomoeans, 
Pneumatomachi, 
Aetius, 
Basil of Ancyra, 
Rival Councils at Rimini and Seleucia, 
Jerome, 
Julian the Apostate, 
Meletius and Paulinus, 
Damasus, 
Basil the Great, 
Gregory Nazianzus, 
Gregory of Nyssa, 
Epiphanius, 
the Tall Brothers, 
Second Ecumenical Council (Constantinople), 
Siricius, 
Symeon the Stylite, 
Theodore of Mopsuestia, 
Council of Carthage, 
Augustine of Hippo, 
John Chrysostom

Fifth Century
Augustine of Hippo, 
John Chrysostom, 
the Synod of the Oak, 
Alaric Sacks Rome, 
John Cassian, 
Pelagius, 
Cyril of Alexandria, 
Theodore of Mopsuestia, 
Jerome, 
Theodoret, 
Celestine, 
Nestorius, 
The Twelve Anathemas, 
Third Ecumenical Council (Ephesus), 
Vincent of Lerins, 
Leo the Great, 
Dioscorus, 
Eutyches, 
the Robber council, 
Fourth Ecumenical Council (Chalcedon), 
Attila the Hun, 
the end of the Roman Empire in the West, 
Peter the Fuller, 
Acacius, 
the Henoticon, 
Gelasius

Sixth Century
Severus, 
Julian of Helicarnassus, 
John the Grammarian, 
Burgundians renounce Arianism, 
Justin, 
schism over the Henoticon ends, 
Hormisdas, 
slaughter of Christians in Yemen, 
Boethius, 
Dionysios Exiguus, 
Justinian, 
Benedict, 
Council of Orange, 
St. Sabbas, 
Hagia Sophia, 
Pseudo-Dionysius, 
Leontius of Jerusalem, 
Evagrius, 
Agapetus visits Constantinople, 
Cassiodorus, 
Dionysius Exiguus, 
the Condemnation of Origen, 
plague, 
John Scholasticus, 
Vigilius, 
defeat of the Gothic kingdom in Italy, 
Fifth Ecumenical Council (Constantinople), 
the Suevis renounce Arianism, 
Columba of Iona, 
Lombards invade Italy, 
Avar invasion, 
Persian invasion, 
Jacob Baradaeus, 
Maximus Confessor (birth), 
Columbanus, 
Visigoths renounce Arianism, 
Council of Toledo (and the filioque), 
John of Biclar, 
Gregory the Great, 
Augustine of Canterbury

Seventh Century
Augustine of Canterbury, 
the Persians conquer Jerusalem and take the true cross, 
Heraclius, 
Sergios, 
Honorius, 
death of Mohammed, 
Isidore of Seville, 
Sophronius, 
last Arian king of the Lombards, 
Aidan of Lindisfarne, 
the Ekthesis
John Climacus, 
destruction of the library in Alexandria, 
council at Rome (649), 
Maximus Confessor, 
the Arab conquest, 
the Synod of Whitby, 
Wilfrid, 
Athanasian Creed, 
Benedict Biscop, 
the Sixth Ecumenical Council (Constantinople), 
Maronites, 
Willibrord, 
Quinisext Council

Eighth Century
Arab conquest of Spain, 
Coelfrith, 
Boniface, 
Paulicians, 
Leo the Isaurian, 
Iconoclasm, 
John of Damascus, 
the Venerable Bede, 
the battle of Tours, 
the Khazars, 
Constantine Copronymus, 
the Donation of Constantine, 
council of Gentily, 
synod of Cealchythe, 
Empress Irene, 
forced conversion of the Saxons, 
Seventh Ecumenical Council (Nicea), 
the synod of Frankfort

Ninth Century
Charlemagne, 
Alcuin, 
Theodore Studites, 
the council of Aachen, 
Nicephorus, 
the University of Constantinople, 
the Synodicon of Orthodoxy, 
Gottschalk of Orbais, 
persecution in Spain, 
Photius, 
Pseudo-Isidorian Decretals, 
Nicholas I, 
Cyril and Methodius, 
John Scotus Erigena, 
Conversion of Bulgaria, 
Ratramnus, 
Radbertus, 
Hincmar of Reims, 
Mount Athos, 
the Synod horrenda

Tenth Century
Cluny, 
the Bulgarian patriarchate, 
King Wencelaus of Bohemia, 
the Magyars defeated, 
several bad popes, 
influence in Denmark, 
in Norway, 
in Poland, 
in Hungary, 
the Wendish Revolt, 
Adalbert of Prague, 
the conversion of Russia, 
Olaf Tryggvason, 
influence in Sweden

Eleventh Century
Leningrad Codex, 
the filioque first inserted into the creed in Rome, 
Alexius the Studite, 
Phoundagiagitai, 
King Stephen of Hungary, 
persecution under Caliph Hakim, 
Michael Psellus, 
the investiture controversy, 
Berengar of Tours, 
the East-West Schism, 
Michael Cerularius, 
Jaroslav the Wise, 
another Wendish uprising, 
the Norman conquest, 
Christianity imposed in Sweden, 
Manzikert, 
Hildebrand, 
Henry IV, 
John Italos, 
Constantine the African, 
Anselm, 
Christodoulos, 
the First Crusade, 
the Cistercians

Twelfth Century
Basil the Bogomil, 
the Holy Fire in Jerusalem, 
the Templars, 
St. Cyril Philiotes, 
Concordat of Worms, 
Otto of Bamburg, 
Gratian’s Decretum
Constantine Chrysomallos, 
Peter Abelard, 
Bernard of Clairvaux, 
the Second Crusade, 
the Wendish Crusade, 
Peter Lombard, 
Synod of Blachernae, 
Synod on John 14.28, 
Cathari council in Languedoc, 
Thomas Becket, 
Euphronsyne of Polotsk, 
Joachim of Fiore, 
massacre in Constantinople, 
St. John of Novgorod, 
Saladin, 
the Third Crusade, 
Richard the Lionhearted, 
Teutonic Knights, 
Theodore Balsamon, 
the Livonian Crusade, 
Michael Glykas

Thirteenth Century
Crusaders sack Constantinople (Fourth Crusade), 
Stephen Langton, 
the Fourth Lateran Council, 
Francis of Assisi, 
Dominic, 
St. Sava, 
Synodicon of the Holy Spirit, 
Papal Inquisition, 
Alexander Nevsky, 
Mongols, 
Thomas Aquinas, 
Bonaventure, 
council of Lyons, 
council of 1285, 
Saint Timofey, 
Dante, 
Duns Scotus

Fourteenth Century
Unum Sanctum, 
the Babylonian Captivity of the papacy, 
St. Sergius of Radonezh, 
St. Gregory Palamas, 
the Black Plague, 
Serbian patriarchate, 
Council of St. Sophia, 
Council of Blachernae, 
Schism of the papacy, 
battle of Kulikova, 
John Wyclif, 
conversion of Lithuania

Fifteenth Century
the synod of Piza, 
John Huss, 
the council of Basel, 
council of Constance, 
Joan of Arc, 
the council of Florence, 
the printing press, 
fall of Constantinople, 
the Judaizer heresy, 
Marsilio Ficino, 
the first Tsars of Russia, 
the Spanish Inquisition, 
Archbishop Gennadi, 
Abbot Joseph, 
Rodrigo Borgia, 
the new world

Sixteenth Century
Non-possessors, 
Nils Sorsky, 
John Reuchlin, 
Erasmus, 
Martin Luther, 
Complutensian Polyglot, 
the Aldine Septuagint, 
the Diet of Worms, 
Henry VIII, 
Suleiman’s Seige of Vienna, 
the first complete English Bible printed, 
Calvin, 
the Jesuits, 
the Roman Inquisition, 
the council of Trent, Mary Tudor, 
the Peace of Augsburg, 
the Geneva Bible, 
the Bishop's Bible, 
Ivan the Terrible, 
the battle of Lepanto, 
the massacre of St. Bartholomew, 
Ostrozhsky or Ostrong Bible, 
Gregorian Calendar, 
Sixtine Septuagint, 
Russian Patriarchate,
Brest-Litovsk, 
the Edict of Nantes, 
Basil of Mangazeya

Seventeenth Century
Douay-Rheims Bible, 
the King James Bible, 
the Thirty Years War, 
Philaret of Moscow, 
Josaphat Kuntsevich, 
Textus Receptus, 
Codex Alexandrinus, 
Huguenots, 
Cyril Lukaris, 
the English Civil War, 
Council of Jerusalem, 
Council of Jassy, 
Peter of Moghila, 
Nikon, 
Peter the Great, 
final Turkish seige of Vienna, 
revocation of the Edict of Nantes, 
liberation of Hungary, 
Glorious Revolution 

Eighteenth Century
Unigenitus
Moscow patriarchate abolished, 
Melkites, 
Gregorian calendar, 
Paissy Velichkovshy, 
Jesuits suppressed, 
Kosmas the Aetolian, 
the Philokalia

Nineteenth Century
Alexis Khomiakov, 
Nikita the Albanian, 
Seraphim of Sarov, 
Kollyvades, 
John of Kronstadt, 
liberation of Greece from Turkish rule, 
Marquis de Custine, 
the encyclicals of the Eastern Patriarchs, 
the Crimean War, 
Immaculate Conception, 
First Vatican Council, 
Westcott and Hort, 
The Way of a Pilgrim
Theophan the Recluse, 
Leo XIII

Twentieth Century
Gregorian calendar, 
persecution of the Russian Church, 
World War II, 
Vatican II, 
the “embrace of peace”

A partial list of references

Maps* 

A Map to Accompany the First Four Centuries

The Patriarchates Circa 451

Roman Syria, Mesopotamia, Arabia, and Judea

*To view a map at its full size when using Internet Explorer, place your cursor over the map and click on the icon that appears at the lower right. 



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