Notes on 
The Septuagint

©2000 by R. Grant Jones


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CONTENTS
Introduction

The Septuagint in Early Christian Writings

The Septuagint in the New Testament

All quotations in New Testament Order

All quotations in Old Testament Order

Instances where the New Testament quotes the Septuagint against the Hebrew

Instances where the New Testament follows the Hebrew meaning against the Septuagint

Appendix:  Dead Sea Scrolls-Septuagint Alignments Against the Masoretic Text

Appendix:  Noteworthy Differences Between the Septuagint and the Masoretic Text in Genesis

Appendix:  The Books of the Septuagint

Appendix:  Patristic Guidance for Septuagint Translation

Appendix:  A Collection of References to the “Septuagint Plus” in the New Testament

A Review of the Orthodox Study Bible

References and Links

Key to the Table of Quotations in New Testament Order:

* - implies the New Testament context indicates that this is a quotation.

† - indicates that textual variants in the Septuagint are important.

‡ - indicates that textual variants available in the Dead Sea Scrolls are discussed in the associated detailed summary.

° - indicates that textual variants in the New Testament are discussed in the associated detailed summary.

For the "Meaning" column:

U - according to the UBS 4th edition Greek New Testament, these passages agree with the Septuagint against the sense of the Hebrew text.

J - this is my own judgment based on head-to-head comparisons of the NewTestament and Septuagint.  A "J" indicates that the New Testament quotation agrees with the Septuagint in meaning, against the sense of the Hebrew text.

H - these passages, in my judgment, agree with the Hebrew against the sense of the Septuagint.

D - disagrees with both the Septuagint and the Hebrew

Annotations relating to "Quality":

P - perfect or near-perfect quotation from the Septuagint - only minor differences, such as word order, articles, inconsequential pronouns, etc.

S - perfect but some words replaced with synonymns (example - Romans 9.17) or with words of related meaning.

O - the New Testament omits portions of the Septuagint text - ellipsis (example - Mark 7.6-7).

L - poetic license employed by the New Testament author:  a portion of the Septuagint is replaced or reconstructed (example - Hebrews 10.5-7).

A - the New Testament author augments the Septuagint with additional wording (example - Romans 11.9-10).

F - fragmentary (some words in common - replacements as frequent or more so).

E - few to no words in common (empty set).

The "Weight" column indicates whether the Old Testament source is unique (weight=1), or if multiple Old Testament passages could be the source of the quotation (fractional weights).  In some cases, I have determined that one of the Old Testament sources listed by UBS is inferior to the others.  In those cases, I have assigned a weight of zero.  These weights are used to establish the total number of quotations, the percentage of quotations in agreement with the Septuagint text, etc.