Human Communication on the Web with Professor Joanne Kostides

Examples of Speech Patterns
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AN EXAMPLE OF THE VARIOUS SPEECH ORGANIZATION PATTERNS
Overall Issue or concern: Lack of sufficient campus parking.

Topical Pattern
Speech purpose: To explain to the audience the consequences for students created by a lack of parking.

  1. Academic consequences
  2. Emotional/psychological consequences
  3. Financial consequences

Speech purpose: The purpose of my speech is to have the audience be able to identify the different parking permits available to students.

  1. economy parking sticker
  2. the "silver" pass
  3. the "gold" pass
  4. the "platinum" pass

Chronological Pattern
Speech purpose: After hearing my speech, the audience will be able to identify parking problems related to the time of day you come to campus.

  1. Morning rush-hour problems
  2. Change of class problems
  3. Problems after dark

Speech purpose: After hearing my speech, the audience will be able to explain the development of the parking problem.

  1. Fall 1997—Enrollment increases dramatically
  2. Summer 1998—Building construction eliminates parking
  3. Fall 1998—New Buildings shift parking needs

Spatial Pattern
Speech purpose: After my speech, the listeners will be able to describe the parking areas on campus.

  1. The farthest lots—general student parking
  2. The outer lots—graduate students
  3. The inner lots—faculty

Cause-effect Pattern
Speech purpose: The purpose of my speech is to explain to the audience the parking problems on campus.

  1. (Causes) A parking shortage was created by two interrelated causes

    A)

    B)

  2. (Effect) Students who pay significant parking fees are often unable to…

*May be organized the opposite way, such that effects come first and then the causes are explained.

Problem-solution Pattern
Speech purpose: After hearing my speech, the audience will support my proposal for an effective solution to the campus parking problem.

  1. (Problem) Students are unable to find parking places within reasonable time.
    1. (Harm) The increasing inconvenience in time caused by insufficient parking

      is causing undue hardship on many students.

    2. (Significance) Students pay a lot for a service the University does not deliver.
    3. (Cause) The University has failed to incorporate parking needs into the University plan as the student population has grown.
  1. (Solution) I propose that the University increase its parking facilities
    1. (Description) A central parking garage would help students get to class on time.
    2. (Feasibility) Several other universities have used parking garages.
    3. (Advantages) Students can arrive to class on time and the University can make a profit.

 

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