These pictures show M31 and M32 at identical magnifications through two different telescopes at two different levels
of light pollution. The magnification is nearly optimal for the smaller scope, but a higher magnification brings out
somewhat more detail in the bigger scope. However, even at this fairly modest magnification, M31 is spilling out of
the NE corner of the field as seen in the suburbs.
As you can see, M31 is affected much more by light pollution than by aperture; this is typical of galaxies. Under
urban skies, only the bright core is clearly visible, although the 178mm Dob brings out a faint extension to the SW.
A considerable portion of the disk is visible under good suburban skies, although this is still only a tiny fraction of the
entire galaxy. Under dark skies, M31 fills more than half the field from top to bottom, and extends far out of the field
on the SW and the NE.