VOL. LVII No. 4 SESQUICENTENNIAL EDITION 11
CIVIL WAR ROUND TABLE MEETS AT CROWNE PLAZA
AT NAAMANS AND I-495
The Civil War Round Table will be meeting at the Crowne Plaza Hotel at Naamans Road and I-495
in Brandywine Hundred this year. The Round Table continues to meet the first Wednesday each month from September through
May (except January).Dinner starts at 6:30 P.M. ($20.00) followed by the program ($5.00) at 7:30 P.M.
DINNER & BAR SERVICES
Place: Crowne Plaza Hotel
630 Naamans Rd.
Claymont, DE 19703
302-792-27 2605 Philadelphia Pike
Claymont, DE 19703
Time: Dinner at 6:30 P.M. Program at
7:30 P.M. Business meeting follows program
Price: Members: Dinner $20.00 meeting $5.00 (not included in dinner price)
Dinner $25.00 meeting $5.00
Wednesday November 6, 2013
Topic: Civil War Music
December 4, 2013
Speaker: Philip Nord, Rockwood Museum
Topic: Civil War; Reflections from Antiquity
Wednesday January 8, 2014
Speaker: Evelyn Swensson
Topic: Mary Todd Lincoln
Wednesday February 5, 2014
Speaker: Gregg Clemmer
Topic: Valor in Gray: Confederate
Wednesday March 5, 2014
Speaker: Gail Stephens
Gen. Lew Wallace
Wednesday April 2, 2014
Speaker: Jack Lieberman
Capt. Percival Drayton USN
Wednesday May 7, 2014
Annual Meeting of Members
Mary Kathleen Logothetis
Topic: Echoes of Chancellorsville
Sickles at Gettysburg
MIKE PLUNKETT, NOVEMBER Speaker
of Woodbury, NJ has developed a special musical program called “Paddy Has Gone for a Soldier” based on his research
into the Civil War music of the Irish Brigade. Plunkett taught music in the Deptford school system for 34 years.
first-person accounts and other sources ’ve uncovered songs that were sung by, or about, the soldiers,” Plunkett
says. “They reveal their opinions and beliefs in a very personal way and put a human face on history.” Plunkett
has performed “Paddy” at the Gettysburg National Park Visitor Center, the National Museum of the Civil War in
Harrisburg, Pa., countless Civil War roundtables, and, on Independence Mall, the Welcome America Fourth of July Celebration
and Lincoln 200 events.
“I bring to life the experience of the Irish immigrants who became American patriots through
music that’s lively and engaging with plenty of audience participation,” says Plunkett, who plays the guitar,
mandolin and octave mandolin.
Canister November 2013 Sesquicentennial Edition No. 11
PHILIP NORD, DECEMBER SPEAKER
archaeologist and certified antiques appraiser Philip Nord has a graduate degree from the University of Pennsylvania. He is
the Director of Rockwood Museum in New Castle County, Delaware. Philip served as a medic in Viet Nam before embarking
on his career in anthropology and archeology. Philip has visited the Temple of the Sun in Teotihuacán, Mexico, the Swedish
warship Vasa, and the Louvre. He has studied petroglyphs in the Panamint valley of California and panned for gold from
Oregon to North Carolina. He has also walked the ramparts of Fort Delaware, Alcatraz, and Eastern State penitentiary and visited
the haunting relics of abandoned ships. He is also a paranormal phenomenona researcher and has led many paranormal investigations
of a Delaware haunted Victorian mansion. Recently he was featured on the A&E Network, Biography Channel in My Ghost Story.
is a musician, a trained professional photographer script writer and film maker. He has been married for 42 years, has
three grown children and four grandchildren and lives n a suburb outside of Philadelphia. He will speak on Reflections
EVELYN SWENNSON, JANUARY SPEAKER
Swensson is a nationally recognized composer, lyricist and playwright. She is a graduate of Hollins College and West Chester
University. Evelyn is the Director of Opera Delaware’s Family Theater, and is responsible for more than 80 productions
during her career. Evelyn’s original compositions include The Enormous Egg for which she wrote the play, lyrics
and music in 1993, The Adventures of Beatrix Potter in 1994, The Jungle Book in 1995, and Anne of Green Gables in1996
with Joseph Robiinette. Evelyn wrote the play for John Rutter’s The Wind in the Willows in 1997; the music for The Homecoming
(play by Sergel) in 1998; Redwall (Jacques) in 1999, in 2000, All Through the Night (Mary Higgins Clark) in 2000,
Trumpet of the Swan (play by Robinette) in 2001, From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler (Konigsburg) 2002. She
wrote the music and play for and Billy Lee’s Washington (2006), a musical play on the life of Washington from the view
point of his personal slave.
Evelyn will be talking to the Round Table about the life of Mary Todd Lincoln.
Rare Civil War Prints Available
from Round Table
in September, the Civil War Round Table of Wilmington will be offering four framed pages from Harper’s and Leslie’s
Magazines from the original Civil War issues, and a series of unframed prints from the same sources. The framed prints
are of the Battle of New Bern and the Battle of Fort Fisher, one print being a color print from the German-language edition
of Leslie’s Magazine. The framed prints are $50 each, the unframed are $15 each.
THIS MONTH IN THE CIVIL WAR
20, 1861: Union forces in California pursue a pro-Confederate militia company commanded by Daniel Showalter. Showalter
and 18 militiamen are captured several days later southeast of Los Angeles
November 10, 1862: Maj. Gen. George
B. McClellan bids goodby to his soldiers.
November 21, 1862: Maj. Gen. Ambrose P. Burnsides issues a surrender
ultimatum to the mayor of Fredericksburg, Virginia. The mayor refuses to surrender the town, opening the way for the
federal bombardment of the town on December 11-12, 1862.
November 9, 1863: President Lincoln attends The
Marble Heart starring John Wilkes Booth.
November 24, 1863: Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s attack on Confederate
forces on Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge commences as Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman’s Corps arrives at Chattanooga.
Maj. Gen. Joseph Hookers 11th and 12th Corps overruns Lookout Mountain while Sherman’s Missionary Ridge attack meets
stubborn resistance and is stymied.
November 6, 1864: Col. Benjamin Sweet arrests 100 men in Chicago on charges
that they were conspiring to plot against the United States to release Confederate prisoners held at camp Douglas in Chicago
during the Presidential election.
Grape & Canister
November 2013 Sesquicentennial Edition No. 11
INCIDENT AT MIDDLEBURG
By Thomas J. Reed
The Union Army of the Potomac's
spring offensive had been turned back at the Battles of Chancellorsville and at Salem Church in May, 1863. The Army
of the Potomac shifted to the tactical defensive and withdrew across the Rappahannock River. It held a line running 40 miles
east from Stafford Heights across from Fredericksburg, Virginia west past Banks' Ford to Kelly's Ford on the Rappahannock.
Following the cavalry engagement at Brandy Station June 9, Major General Joseph Hooker, commander of the Army of the Potomac,
had ordered Brigadier General Alfred Pleasonton, Commander of the Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to locate General Robert
E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia Pleasonton's scouting reports led Hooker to believe that Lee's army was
moving around the Army of the Potomac's right flank north westwardly in the vicinity of Culpeper Court House.
might be advancing to Front Royal in the Shenandoah Valley via Chester and Manassas Gaps in the Blue Ridge. That would
indicate that Lee was about to invade Maryland again. However, Lee could be planning to descend on the Manassas Junction
region via Warranton and the gaps in the Bull Run Mountains to repeat his July, 1862, raid on Manassas and the Second Battle
If Hooker's army moved northwest to counter Lee, it would be tied to the Orange & Alexandria
Railroad as its main supply line. Pleasonton's three cavalry divisions covered the Army of the Potomac's extreme right
flank extending toward Warrenton, Virginia. Reacting to the threat posed by Lee, Hooker leapfrogged the Union Third
Corps to Bealton on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad on June 11. On June 13, having received scouting reports that
Lee's army was heading northwest toward Front Royal, Hooker notified Washington that he was abandoning his supply base at
Aquia Creek northeast of Fredericksburg, and transferring his headquarters to Dumphries, Virginia.
James E.B. (Jeb) Stuart's Cavalry Division, Army of Northern Virginia screened Lee's movements between Culpeper and Warrenton
north to the beginning of the Bull Run Mountains. Hooker directed Pleasonton to penetrate Stuart's screen and locate
the main body of his adversary.
The Bull Run Mountains provided a natural barrier to Union reconnaissance.
Called the Catoctin Mountains north of the Potomac, the range of 500 ft. high hills runs south from northern Frederick County,
Maryland through Loudoun County and the western part of Prince William County, Virginia, terminating just north of Warrenton
in Fauquier County. Thoroughfare Gap about ten miles north of Warrenton, (modern Virginia Route 234), was the southernmost
of the three major gaps in the Bull Run range. Aldie Gap lay about twelve miles north of Thoroughfare(now U.S. 50),
and Clark's Gap lay fifteen miles north, just west of Leesburg (Virginia Route 7). There were also two minor gaps: Hopewell
Gap five miles south of Aldie Gap and the road to Oatlands along Goose Creek, a branch of Little River, six miles north of
Hooker dispatched Pleasonton to Manassas Junction to take personal charge of the reconnaissance effort.
Upon his arrival on Tuesday, June 16th, Pleasonton held a meeting with Brigadier General David McMasters Gregg, commander
of the Second Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac. Pleasonton instructed Gregg to detach a brigade from his
division to go northwest through Aldie Gap toward Front Royal to look for Confederate infantry. Gregg picked Brigadier
General Hugh Judson Kilpatricks' Second Brigade, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac. Judson Kilpatrick had limited experience
before his elevation to high command. His reputation as a merciless driver of men and horses earned him the nickname of "Kill
On June 16, the First Rhode Island Cavalry Regiment, part of Kilpatrick's Second Brigade, was in camp
near Manassas Junction, Virginia. The First Rhode Island was commanded by Col. Alfred N.A. Duffié. In the spring
time of the war, Duffié and Kilpatrick had been brother officers in the Second New York Cavalry (the Harris Light Cavalry).
be continued in the February issue)
Grape & Canister
November 2013 Sesquicentennial Edition No. 11
featured Maj. Gen. John C. Fremont. The officer shown below was a Confederate Division Commander under Jubal Early.
This Georgia Confederate general was a peacetime lawyer who ended up commanding
a Confederate Corps. He was also a post-war U.S. Senator from Georgia
A Publication of the Civil War Round
Table of Wilmington, Delaware, Inc.
President: Jim Pratzner
President Education: George McDowell
Vice President Preservation:
Vice President Finance& Treas: Greg Vavroch
Eugene Dzielack, Sr.
Eugene Dzielack, Jr. Jeff Tucker
Gasbarro, Jr. James Pratzner
Program Chair: Lisa Cristofich
Field Trip Chair: Vincent Gasbarro, Jr.
Editor: Tom Reed
©2013 Civil War Round
Table of Wilmington, Delaware, Inc. 71 W. Fifth St. New Castle, DE 19720
Individual Membership: $20.00