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GRAPE &

CANISTER



 VOL. LVIII No. 1  SESQUICENTENNIAL EDITION 12
February 2014


    CIVIL WAR ROUND TABLE MEETS AT  CROWNE PLAZA HOTEL
                              AT NAAMANS AND I-495

 The
Civil War Round Table will be meeting at the Crowne Plaza Hotel at Naamans Road and I-495 in Brandywine Hundred this year. The Round Table continues to meet  the first Wednesday each month from September through May (except January).Dinner starts at 6:30 P.M. ($20.00) followed by the program ($5.00) at 7:30 P.M.

 DINNER & BAR SERVICES
 NO PRIOR
 RESERVATIONS REQUIRED

Place: Crowne Plaza Hotel
630 Naamans Rd.
Claymont, DE 19703
TEL: 302-792-27 2605 Philadelphia Pike
Claymont, DE 19703
TEL: 302-792-2700
Time: Dinner at 6:30 P.M. Program at 7:30 P.M.  Business meeting follows program
Price: Members: Dinner $20.00 meeting $5.00 (not included in dinner price)
Non-Members: Dinner $25.00 meeting $5.00

 PROGRAMS 2013-2014

Wednesday February 5, 2014
Speaker: Gregg Clemmer
Topic: Valor in Gray: Confederate Medal of
Honor
Dinner: TBA

Wednesday March 5, 2014
Speaker: Gail Stephens
Topic: Gen. Lew Wallace
Dinner: TBA

Wednesday April 2, 2014
Speaker: Jack Lieberman
Topic: Capt. Percival Drayton USN
Dinner: TBA

Wednesday May 7, 2014
Annual Meeting of Members

Speaker: Mary Kathleen Logothetis
Topic: Echoes of Chancellorsville
Sickles at Gettysburg
Dinner: TBA

GREGG CLEMMER, FEBRUARY Speaker

Gregg Clemmer, a Virginia Tech graduate with an MA in history and a Shenandoah Valley native, is an author and historian with such varied research interests as the manufacturing history of miners' carbide lamps to the evolution of expedition cave camps. Clemmer is a solar energy pioneer who fights urban sprawl, champions American heritage, and searches for the world's deepest cave. Gregg is a talented speaker and story teller who has appeared on MSNBC, Fox News, and CBS Radio.

Gregg is the author of Old Alleghany: The Life and Wars of General Ed. Johnson, a widely acclaimed biography of this important Confederate officer that won the Douglas Southall Freeman Book Prize for 2005 His latest book is Valor in Gray: The Recipients of the Confederate Medal of Honor. Gregg and his wife Linda live in Hunt Valley. He numbers two Union generals and 14 "lesser ranked" Confederates in his ancestry. He will be speaking about the medal and the list of recipients at our February meeting.


GAIL STEPHENS, MARCH SPEAKER

Gail Stephens is the author of Shadows of Shiloh: Major General Lew Wallace in the Civil War released in 2010. She has spoken to many Round Tables about Gen. Wallace since the release of her ground-breaking biography of Wallace. She holds a degree in International Politics from George Washington University in Washington DC, and has done graduate work at Johns Hopkins and Harvard Universities. She worked for the Department of Defense for 26 years, retiring in 1994 as member of the Department’s Senior Executive Service. She now



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volunteers at Monocacy National Battlefield near Frederick, Maryland, lectures on the Civil War, teaches courses at area colleges and gives battlefield tours. In 2002, she won the National Park Service’s E.W. Peterkin award for her contributions to public understanding of Civil War history.


Jack Lieberman, April SPEAKER


Jack Lieberman is a native of Cheltenham Township, Pennsylvania. A 1965 Villanova graduate with a B.S. in Economics, he was commissioned an Ensign in U.S. Navy and served as Gunnery Officer/Nuclear Weapons Officer aboard USS San Marcos (LSD-25). He retired from the Navy with the rank of Captain after serving in Aviation and Surface Units and on the Readiness Commander, Inspector Generals Staff. Captain Lieberman was appointed Commanding Officer of several Military Sealift Command units and Chief of Staff Officer during Exercise Rainbow Reef at Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean, a convoy training exercise, preceding Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm in 1991. His commendations and awards include the U.S. Naval Academy’s Commandant’s Award and the Sea Power Certificate of Merit. He retired from the Naval Reserves in 1991. He is a Union League member and also a member of the League’s Lincoln Table and Armed Services Council. He is also a member of the Yacht Club, Cricket Groundhog Table and currently serves as "Chair" of the Maceuen Civil War Round Table, and is the Historian/Webmaster for American Legion Post #405. He has been presenting as Commodore Percival Drayton for round tables and other organizations for several years. Lieberman has contributed to a book on the Federal Navy during the Civil War. He is married to the former Carol Cooper of Wyndmoor, PA. They have one son, David, who owns and operates DML Services

THIS MONTH IN THE CIVIL WAR

February 9, 1861: Former Mississippi Senator is elected provisional President of the newly formed Confederate States of America. The capital of the new nation will be Montgomery, Alabama.

February 8, 1862: Confederate forces on Roanoke Island surrender to Union forces led by Brig. Gen. Ambrose Burnside.

February 3, 1863: Confederate cavalry led by Brig. Joseph Wheeler attack Fort Donelson’s Union garrison. The attack is unsuccessful and Brig. Gen. Nathan B. Forrest confronts Wheeler after the battle informing his superior that he will no longer serve under him

February 14, 1864: Union forces under Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman enter the Confederate supply depot at Meridian, Mississippi. Sherman’s men destroy supplies, railroad equipment and set fire to warehouses, hotels, public buildings and commercial structures, burning most of the town.

February 3, 1865: President Lincoln and Secretary of State Seward meet a Confederate delegation led by Alexander Stevens, Confederate Vice President, to explore the possibility of a cease fire and a negotiated settlement of the war.

INCIDENT AT MIDDLEBURG (continued)

[In November’s issue, the story of the Union Cavalry’s attempt to force the gaps in the Blue Ridge Mountains to gain information about Lee’s Army ended when Col Duffie was ordered to take his 1st Rhode Island and proceed to Middleburg behind Confederate lines] On Tuesday evening, Kilpatrick sent the following orders to Duffi:

Proceed with your regiment from Manassas Junction by way of Thoroughfare Gap, to Middleburg. On your arrival at that place, you will at once communicate with the headquarters of the Second Cavalry Brigade, and camp for the night. From Middleburg, you will proceed to Union, thence by way of Snickersville to Percy ville (Purcellville) from Perryvile (Purcellville) to Wheatland, then passing through Waterford to Noland's Ferry where you will join your brigade.


Duffi's regiment had been reduced by casualties and detached duty to 275 men. The tiny command broke camp and set out for Thoroughfare Gap, 25 miles west of Manassas Junction. The regiment reached Thoroughfare at mid-morning on the 17th. The gap was guarded by a heavy picket post from Brigadier General William H. F. (Rooney) Lee's brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of Northern Virginia, temporarily commanded by







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Colonel John R. Chambliss. Chambliss' pickets put up token resistance until 11:00 A.M. when they broke off the skirmish and retreated westward through Thoroughfare Gap. Faithful to orders, Duffi pushed through the Gap toward Middleburg, 10 miles to the north.

On that extremely hot Wednesday, June 17th, about the time that Duffi's regiment pushed past Rooney Lee's outposts, General Jeb Stuart and his staff rode into the quiet Virginia village of Middleburg from the west. The staff had been preceded by the brigades of Brigadier General Fitzhugh Lee, commanded by Colonel Thomas T. Munford, and Brigadier General Beverly Robertson. Munford's men were sent six miles due east to Aldie Gap in the Bull Run Mountains, on the pike running from Winchester on the west side of the Blue Ridge to Alexandria. They were ordered to prevent Union cavalry from pushing through the village of Aldie on the east side of the Bull Run Mountains to observe the movements of Army of Northern Virginia, which was at that moment on a series of forced marches from the upper Rappahannock to the Potomac on both sides of the Blue Ridge. Earlier, Stuart had sent Rooney Lee's brigade to Thoroughfare Gap to provide a similar anti reconnaissance screen.


General Stuart and his gigantic Prussian Aide de Camp, Heros Von Borcke, had little to do that muggy afternoon. Stuart's staff officers amused themselves by flirting with women they had met on their retreat southward from Winchester in November, 1862. The Middleburg belles made much of Von Borcke, because he had been reported dead from wounds he received at Brandy Station.Around 4:00 P.M. Stuart, Von Borcke and his staff officers were roused from their dalliance with the ladies of Middleburg by fleeing videttes who screamed that "the Yankees are coming" as they galloped east through Middleburg on the Winchester Pike.0 Stuart's officers rushed out to their horses, tied to hitching posts on the pike. Mounting in graceless haste, the staff rode away southeast toward Beverly Robertson's headquarters between Middleburg and the crossroads of Hopewell, west of Hopewell Gap in the Bull Run range.0 They were pursued by blue coated riders brandishing carbines and sabers, the officers and men of the First Rhode Island Cavalry.


At 4:00 P.M., Duffi's advance approached Middleburg. Duffi did not know at the time that Jeb Stuart himself had set up headquarters there. Duffi ordered Capt. Frank Allen to take two companies of his squadron through town at a gallop, sweeping aside any Confederate videttes or pickets he might encounter. Allen's sweep was opposed by every available hand at headquarters, causing Duffi to commit the rest of his regiment to action. Duffi succeeded in scattering Stuart's headquarters people in all directions. Somehow, Duffi obtained information showing that Stuart with 4,000 horsemen and four artillery pieces lay between Middleburg and Aldie, where Kilpatrick was supposed to be. If Kilpatrick could deliver a strong frontal attack, Duffi could support that attack by a challenge from Stuart's unguarded rear. If Duffi were reinforced by additional Union horsemen sent through Hopewell Gap, apparently unguarded by Robertson's brigade, the Union cavalry could pull off a major victory.

Duffi scribbled out a dispatch to Kilpatrick stating the situation at Middleburg and calling for reinforcements. He handed the message to Capt. Allen and instructed him to pick two good men and find Kilpatrick, request reinforcements and stand by for further orders. Allen complied. Shortly after 5:00 P.M., Allen and his two escort riders left for Aldie. The six mile ride at a walk, assuming the three encountered no opposition, would take about an hour and a quarter. About this time, Stuart and his staff had reached the comparative safety of a picket post manned by the 4th Virginia Cavalry, which was just then engaged in a fire fight with an unknown number of Union cavalrymen. Stuart sent a courier pounding east on the turnpike to Munford ordering him to withdraw from Aldie and come to his aid.0 Other couriers rushed off to Beverly Robertson's brigade near Hopewell Gap and to Chambliss' headquarters west of Thoroughfare Gap to concentrate on Middleburg. Stuart's recall orders suddenly opened all three gaps to a concerted Federal advance.

[to be continued in the May issue]





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PHOTO GALLERY

November’s photo was that of Confederate Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon who commanded a Division under Jubal Early in the 1864 Shenandoah Campaign

This Union Major General shot his wife’s lover on Lafayette Square in Washington in 1859. He was tried for murder and acquitted, claiming temporary insanity.

 



     Grape & Canister 
 A Publication of the Civil War Round
 Table of Wilmington, Delaware, Inc.
 Founded 1955
President:
                                                     Jim Pratzner
Vice President Education:                  George McDowell
Vice President Preservation:                     John LaRosch
Vice President Finance& Treas:               Greg Vavroch
Secretary:                                                       Tom Reed
Board Members:
Lisa Cristofich,                              Eugene Dzielack, Sr.
Eugene Dzielack, Jr.                                    Jeff Tucker
Vincent Gasbarro, Jr.                            Richard Powers              
Program Chair:                                      Lisa Cristofich
Field Trip Chair:                          Vincent Gasbarro, Jr.
Editor:                                                          Tom Reed
2014 Civil War Round Table of Wilmington, Delaware, Inc. 71 W. Fifth St. New Castle, DE  19720
Student Membership:                 $5.00
Individual Membership:           $20.00
Family Membership:                $25.00
Life Membership:                   $250.00