This is a name of French derivation but he probably came from London
as a John Bumpas was living in the parish of St Bartholomew the Great in 1620 (Subsidy 147/505), Another John Bumpasse, gardener,
lived in Battersea across the Thames on the South Side of London (P.R.O. Court of Request LXIV -- Pt. 1, temp, Charles I).
He was unmarried on arrival and also single in 1623 at the division of land that year. He was probably one of the "
lusty yonge men " in this ship.
[The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers...,
By Charles Edward Banks; Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc 1980; p. 110]
Edouad Bompasse, (Edward Bumpas),
as he was called in the Plymouth Colony, was the first of his name, as far as can be found to arrive in this country.
The name has taken on various spellimgs as follows: Bump, Bumpas, Bumpass, Bumpers, Bumps and Bumpus, as you will find
in this text.
Edouad came as a young man on the ship " Fortune " the first ship
after the " Mayflower 1 ". The ship ' Fortune ' arrived at Plymouth, now
Massachusetts, on November 10, 1621.
The name Bompasse is probably of French origin, possibly Hugenot.
The old Norman and French name Bonpas family originated in Perpignam in the extreme south western
portion of france near the Mediterranean. The name probably came to England with Mormans, and perhaps agin with the
Bumpus also exists as a name derived from Boneboz in Normandy, a
Fief held from the Earls of Mellent.
One source of information states that Edouad Bompasse
was born about 1605, of St. Bartholomew Parish, London, England., died 3 Feb 1693, Marshfield,- Plymouth County, Ma., married
1628 in Ma., Hannah, born about 1607, England, died 12 feb. 1693, Marshfield, Ma.
Edouad Bompasse was probably a member of
the Protestants who fled from Holland to Amsterdam. He was reportedly with the Pilgrims in Leyden, Holland and probably
went to England with those who returned after the first attempt to sail for America failed. Willison in his Saints and
Strangers, states that Edouad Bompasse was a Saint and native Leydener. Leyden was located
six to seven miles up the Rhine River and was considered the spiritual capital of Protestant Europe.
In 1623 he received one share in the land allotment as one of those
who came in the Fortune and in 1627 a share in the cattle, indicating he was unmarried.
He sold his acre of land on the north side of town in 1628 and was
granted 20 acres of land on Duxbury Bay where he settled and built a house and palisado.
In March of 1634/35 he sold this property ans was allowed to " take
up land in another place".
In March of 1644/45 when the boundries of Marshfield were laid, his
property was included.
He is included in the 1643 list
of men of Marshfield able to bear arms.
Sometime before Sept. 1645 he sold his property to Solomon Lenner.
Edouad or Edward
as he was now called, was one of the original proprietors of Middleboro, where his son Joseph settled.
He was also a purchaser of Dartmouth
On the 15 July 1653 Edmond Chandler of Duxbury exchanged his rights
in lands in Satuckquett for Edward Bumpas's lands and rights in Cushenett and Coaksett.
He was on the jury in 1654 and 1655 and in 1657 took the oath of
fidelity as of the Town of Duxbury.
After 1656 he seems to have lost control of his properties and through
lack of cooperation in the family he and his wife Hannah were to some extent dependent upon the community
for their well being.
Although he and his sons as " first borne in the colony " were eligible
for grants they did not take advantage of their positions.
In the next generation several branches of the family prospered and
left good estates.
It was customary in those days during the transfer of property from
father to son, that the deed call for the father and or mother to be " maintained for
life ". Deeds between Edward and his sons did not contain these provisions.
Edward and Hannah
had at least twelve children, eight being recorded at Marshfield. In my research thirteen have been indicated.
There is some question if Faith was really a first child. Some researchers show that she was and was born in 1630.
Others say that she may have been a twin to Sarah, and that she died at birth or shortly after.
There is much more that has been written about Edward
that I have not included here. Much of it is repetitive and or speculative. The above is the high lights of what
I have found.
[Lynn Albert Bumpus book LAB, pg 1 & 2]\\
COMMENTS: Of the twelve children of Edward Bumpas, the births of
the eight were recorded together in Marshfield, and the births of the last four were not recorded. Since Bumpas lived
first in Plymouth, then in Duxbury, and by 1643 in Marshfield, we cannot tell in which town any of the first six were born,
but the last six are here assumed to be born at Marshfield.
On 7 March 1642/3 Plymouth court decreed the " northerly bounds of
Marshfield," which included the proviso that the line " take in Edward Bumpass lands " [PCR 2:54]. It may be that Bumpas did
not move from Duxbury to Marshfield, but merely had the town line redrawn around his property. When the line was drawn
again on 23 February 1683, psrt of the description of the boundry was that it ran " on a straight line to the southwest side
of edward Bumpas' land, so called, where he formerly lived, at Duck Hill, taking in the said land sometimes the said Edward
Bumppase's to the township of Marshfield" [PCR 6:155].
Edward Bumpas was sued for debt by Joseph Tilden on 4 October 1664
and 3 October 1665, but Tilden not collect [PCR 7:117,125]. As he did not have any recorded land transactions after
1655, and his estate was not entered for probate, Edward Bumpas clearly spent the later years of his life on the lower end
of the economic scale.
BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: The best treatment of the first few generations of the family of Edward
Bumpas is that published by Florence Barclay in 1967 [TAG 43:65-75, 150-55, 211-16]. she abstracts a number of documents
which are crucial to the chronology of the immigrant, his wife and children, and the specific pages for those items are often
cited above; at these locations more detailed discussion may be found than is possible here.
Bompass, Bumpas, bump Bumpus and Allied Families, 1621-1981, revised edition (Baltimore 1985), compiled
by Carle Franklin Bumpus, is less sucessful, but does provide info on later generations (see TAG 60:189).
Source Information: Robert Charles Anderson. The Great Migration
Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633 [database online] Provo, UT: Ancestry.com, 2000. Original data: Robert Charles
Anderson. The Great Migration Brgins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633, vols. 1-3. Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical
NOTES ON HANNAH
From THE BUMPUS FAMILY OF NEW ENGLAND by Mrs. John E. Barclay, 1967 TAG 170:43:No.2:65
Excerpt in relation to Hannah:
There is no record of his [Edward] marriage or death now extant.
We know he had a wife Hannah, whom he married in 1629-30, but her parentage has not come to light. She has been called Hannah
Annable, daughter of Anthony, but we have proof that this Hannah Annable marreid thomas Boreman 3 March 1644/5 (Plymouth Colony
Court Orders 2:80)
From PLYMOUTH COLONY: ITS HISTORY & PEOPLE 1620-1691 pg. 257
Excerpt in realtion to Hannah:
In 1629/1630 he [Edward] married a Hannah, whose last name is unknown.
From BUMPUS - 375 YEARS Compiled by Carle Franklin Bumpus 1978 pg 17.
CFB provides a modified Family Group Sheet with citations for the
Edouad Bompasse family. Hannah is listed with no last name and no record available as to birthplace and birthdate.
From BOMPASS BUMPAS BUMP BUMPUS and Allied Families 1621 - 1981 Compiled
by Carle Franklin Bumpus 1985 pg. 25
CFB provides and updated book with a similar modified Family Group
Sheet with citations for the Edouad Bompasse family. Hannah is listed with no last name and no record available as to
birthplace and birth date.
From a Genalogy of: Bump-Bumpas-Bumpass-Bumpers-Bumps-Bumpus Descendants of Edouad Bompasse of the " Ship Fortune ", Compiled by Lynn Albert Bumpus 1986, pg. 1.
Excerpt in relation to Edward
One source of information states that Edouad Bompasse
was born about 1605, of St. Bartholomew Parish, London, England., died 3 Feb 1693, Marshfield, - Plymouth County, Ma., married
1628 in Ma., Hannah, born about 1607, England, died, 12 Feb. 1693, Marshfield, Ma.