A Native History of Slippery Rock

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A  Native  History  of
Slippery  Rock
 
The picture is of
Lapowinso, Delaware Chief
by Swedish artist Gustavus Hesselius
      This area of western Pennsylvania was in contention during the French
and Indian War, and in the years preceeding.  Many captives from the eastern
settlements were brought to native encampments and villages in this area.
Two early historical mentions include the notes of Christopher Gist, on his
1753 journey through Pennsylvania with George Washington, and the
records of Christian Post, a Moravian Missionary employed by the colonial
government to make peace with the Delawares.
      Both men mention the " Kuskuskies ", who were of the Delaware clan,
and numerous villages and sites have been identified as Kuskuski.  In
relation to Slippery Rock's history, the maple sugar grove on Wolf Creek,
two miles west of the present town, is identified as the Kuskuski village
where Christopher Post signed a peace treaty with King Beaver and other
native leaders.  The site once owned by Mrs. Emma Guffey, a leader in
Democratic politics, and later deeded to Slippery Rock University.
Archaeological explorations conducted by the University have revealed
that Upper Woodland natives camped at the site for brief periods of time
for the purposes of hunting and gathering.  They are not believed to have
tapped the maple trees in the grove, but did leave evidence of their
pottery, as shards have been unearthed.  The site is multi-layered and
is approximately dated 1600 t0 2000 B.C.

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Indian Names in Beaver County
By Denver L. Walton
Milestones Vol 22. No 3 -- Autumn 1997
 
The county has a rich Indian heritage. The Indians living
in our valleys during the historic period were here only
from 1725 - 1758, but they left us a colorful legacy of place
 names.  Here they are, with what is known of their origin.
 
( Exerpt from from Vol 22. No 3 )
 
BEAVER - Beaver County, Beaver Borough, Beaver Falls,
Big Beaver, South Beaver Township, Beaver River, Little
Beaver Creek; the list goes on.  There is much controversy
as to the source of the name of Beaver Borough.  A state
historical marker in town attributes it to King Beaver
( Tamaqui or Amockwi ), a chief of the Delaware Indian tribe.
Others claim it was named for the beaver, for which the river
and other towns were named.  In the historical Indian period,
a village called Shingas Town was located here.  Shingas
was one of two brothers of King Beaver.

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