THE SEVEN CLANS OF THE CHEROKEE
The number 7 was sacred to the Cherokee, the basic
arrangement of Cherokee social, political, and religious life developed into a structure of 7 matriarchal clans. The sacred number 7 can also be found throughout Cherokee legends, beliefs and customs,
as well as the 7 sided council house whose fire was kindled with 7 different kinds of wood, and the 7 yearly Cherokee festivals.
We Cherokee were a matriarchal society, descent was traced matrilinealy,
and a childs clan was traced through the mother. The women were the head of the house, with the home and the children
belonging to her should she separate from or lose her husband. The discipline and instruction in warfare and hunting
was the responsibility of the maternal uncle, not the biological father. A husband's behavior was observed at all
times and he was expected to be respectful of his wife, his children and female relatives at all times. The women
owned the dwellings and the husband could be asked to leave at any time.
When the white man married a Cherokee woman, he was not aware of the
womans complete control over land, property and children. As the white man gained more control over the Cherokee, the
clan system fell into disuse and the white system into use.
(An explanation of each clan can be found at the bottom of our Welcome page, along with each of our current clan headman and headwoman.)
The Cherokee Warrior
Sequoyah, is the only known individual
in five thousand years of recorded history to have developed a complete writing system in 1821 without being literate in a
language. Within six months, more than 25% of the Cherokee Nation learned how to read and write. The 85 characters
represent all the combinations of vowel and consonent sounds that form the Cherokee language.
However, there is controversy concerning the syllabary
and its creation amongst the progressive, and the traditional Cherokee.
"Sequoyah has been given credit for devising a written
language for the Cherokee. He is one of the few Indian 'heroes' mentioned in American textbooks and is usually described
as being a 'credit to his race.' Most Indian people that white Americans depict as heroes are often heroes to whites,
but not to Indians. Sometimes a person or event is changed over time to accomodate the values of American society and
lessen the original impact, especialy if white Americans or the American Goverment have been unfair, unkind or even cruel.
This written account is from Sequoyah's descendants in Tell Them They Lie by Traveller Bird. Editor Y.B."
(The following is an excerpt from, Tell Them They
Lie by Traveller Bird, Traveller Bird's information is from
his family's oral history, U.S. Government documents, missionary records and Sequoyah's 600 documents.)
"For a quarter of a century Sequoyah's name appeared intermittently
in the missionary tracts and local national newspapers throughout the United States and Europe. His life had, in the
press, the beat of a spectacular serial story. Over and over again, the discovery of the Cherokee Syllabary by the American
press and public proclaimed Sequoyah a Cadmus and bastard son of a white man. He was neither of these things.
'Like sainthood stories, nothing about Sequoyah's life
was truly known to the public, except for the 'made up' information that the missionaries and the 'progressive' leaders desired
to become known. They tagged their fake name 'Sequoyah' to a full-blood fighting warrior-scribe known to his
Cherokee tribesmen by his real name of 'Sogwili,' and to Americans as 'George Guess.'
'Indian Sequoyah was unable to challenge the press, missionaries
and the Cherokee leaders fallacy, since non-conforming Cherokee were considered savages. For encouraging his
dissident tribesmen to flee west, Sequoyah, in 1816, was tried before a council of mixed-blood judges, Cherokee police and
warriors chiefs in the New Order of the Cherokee Nation. Convicted of witchcraft and treason, he was branded on the
forehead and back as was his wife. His fingers on both hands were chopped off between the first and second joints.
His ears were cropped-the mark of a traitor.
'His violent lifelong struggle to aid his people, does
not fit the myth. He did not invent the Cherokee Syllabary, although he was skilled in its use. The Cherokee were
writing and reading it decades before Sequoyah was born. The story of this revolutionary is far more real and interesting
than the synthetic role the white man has given him."
|This is not "Sequoyah", it is possibly Thomas Maw.
According to Traveler Bird's research, the
Cherokee got their gift of written language from a relative group of Taliwa Indians, who sought refuge with the Cherokee.
Less than 25 Taliwa survivors, originally from the Plateau area, travelled a year to reach the mountain valley of Sogwiligegagihiyi.
The great, great, great, great grandfatherof Sogwili went out to welcome the Taliwa into the village. Although the Taliwa
were hurt, humiliated and broken, they brought one great gift--the thin gold plates of their written language. Young
people chosen for the Seven Clan Scribe Society, which
kept written tribal records, usually had some Taliwa ancestry. In Sogwili's time, the scribes spoke at least 7 other
languages including Spanish and English which they hid from the Anglos.
The Cherokee Language
The Cherokee language is spoken by approximately
10,000 people in the Cherokee Nation (Oklahoma), Tribal members of the Cherokee homeland, Jalaguwetii (North Carolina), may
not have as many speakers. The western and eastern accents are different in many ways, but mutually intelligible.
Within the eastern, and western Cherokee there are many different accents
as well as slang and curse words (This came about as a result of Cherokee exposure to other languages).
Many Cherokee, and others, use the English alphabet to
write Cherokee as they have no knowledge of, or cannot use the Cherokee syllabary. Language is very important to
preserving a culture as many words are descriptive of culture, events, and ceremonies that are only identifiable
in the native tongue. English may have no comparable words.
|paper sculpture by: Allan and Patty Eckman