Places and Terms

Academy of Music – located at Broad and Locust Streets; modeled after Milan’s La Scala Opera House; has served as home to the Philadelphia Orchestra and the Opera Company of Philadelphia

Academy of Natural Science – the first museum of natural history in the United States

American Bandstand – a Philadelphia-based teenage dance show which later was broadcast nationally; hosted by Dick Clark; gave rise to teenage idols such as Frankie Avalon, Chubby Checker, Fabian, and Bobby Rydell

Boat House Row – consists of houses of rowing clubs along the Schuylkill River

Carpenters’ Hall – in Old Philadelphia; the site of the First Continental Congress

Cathedral Basilica of Ss. Peter and Paul – built between 1846 and 1864 in the Italian Renaissance style; the seat of the Archdiocese of Philadelphia

Christ Church – the Anglican church founded in 1865; an Episcopal church

City Council – the lawmaking body of the city of Philadelphia; members are elected for a term of four years

City Hall – the largest city hall in the United States; the tallest masonry building in the world; atop City Hall is a statue of William Penn

Elfreth’s Alley – the oldest continuously occupied residential street in the United States; dates back to 1702; located between Front and 2nd Streets and Arch and Race Streets

Fairmount Park – one of the largest city parks in the world; contains both historic and cultural sites; the site of the 1876 Centennial Exposition

Franklin Court – located in Old Philadelphia; the archeological site of Benjamin Franklin’s home

Franklin Institute Science Museum and Planetarium – founded in 1824 to honor Benjamin Franklin; contains many hands-on exhibits and an Omniverse theater

Independence National Historical Park – located in Old Philadelphia; the site of the properties associated with the American Revolution: Independence Hall, Congress Hall, and the Liberty Bell Pavilion

mayor – the most important leader of a city; head of the Executive Branch; s/he is elected for a term of four years

Old St. Joseph’s Church – founded by the Jesuits in 1733; the first Catholic church in Pennsylvania 35

Penn’s Landing – located along the Delaware Riverfront; 37-acre park with its historic, entertainment, and nautical festivities at the eastern edge of Society Hill

Philadelphia Museum of Art – modeled on the Parthenon of ancient Greece; 200 galleries include more than 300,000 works of art

Philadelphia Zoo – established in 1874; first zoo in the United States

Rittenhouse Square – located between 18th and 19th Streets and Walnut and Locust Streets; an elegant city park; site of frequent art festivals; one of the five squares included in the original design of Philadelphia by William Penn

Rodin Museum – holds the largest collection of Auguste Rodin’s sculpture and art work outside of France; The Thinker is one of the most famous sculptures.

Shrine of St. John Neumann – the burial site of St. John Neumann in St. Peter Church at Fifth and Girard in Philadelphia

Society Hill – Old City area that contains federal-style brick houses and quaint streets first settled by wealthy Anglicans and then by the Society of Traders, a group of business investors who moved into the area on William Penn’s advice

United States Mint – in Old Philadelphia; the first mint of the United States; opened in 1792; the largest mint in the world

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